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Volume 26, Number 11—November 2020
Synopsis

Measuring Timeliness of Outbreak Response in the World Health Organization African Region, 2017–2019

Benido ImpoumaComments to Author , Maroussia Roelens, George Sie Williams, Antoine Flahault, Claudia Torres Codeço, Fleury Moussana, Bridget Farham, Esther L. Hamblion, Franck Mboussou, and Olivia Keiser
Author affiliations: World Health Organization Regional Office for Africa, Brazzaville, Congo (B. Impouma, G. Williams, F. Moussana, B. Farham, E.L. Hamblion, F. Mboussou); Institute of Global Health, University of Geneva, Switzerland (M. Roelens, A. Flahault, O. Keiser); Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz Ringgold Standard Institution, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (C.T. Codeço)

Main Article

Table 2

Number and frequency of disease outbreaks selected for the study on timeliness of outbreak milestones in the WHO African Region, 2017–2019

Outbreaks Disease category No. (%) outbreaks
Cholera Food/waterborne 55 (18.6)
Measles Vaccine-preventable 33 (11.1)
Dengue fever Vectorborne 23 (7.8)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Viral hemorrhagic fever 22 (7.4)
Poliomyelitis (circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type2) Vaccine-preventable 17 (5.7)
Meningococcal disease Vaccine-preventable 16 (5.4)
Lassa fever Viral hemorrhagic fever 15 (5.1)
Anthrax Other 13 (4.4)
Monkeypox Other 12 (4.1)
Rift Valley fever Viral hemorrhagic fever 12 (4.1)
Yellow fever Vaccine-preventable 11 (3.7)
Malaria Vectorborne 10 (3.4)
Plague Vectorborne 6 (2.0)
Chikungunya Vectorborne 6 (2.0)
Hepatitis E Food/waterborne 5 (1.7)
Ebola virus disease Viral hemorrhagic fever 5 (1.7)
Typhoid fever Food/waterborne 4 (1.4)
Acute bloody diarrhea Food/waterborne 4 (1.4)
Pertussis Vaccine-preventable 3 (1.0)
Food--borne Food/waterborne 3 (1.0)
Listeriosis Food/waterborne 2 (0.7)
Influenza A(H1N1) Other 2 (0.7)
Rubella Vaccine-preventable 2 (0.7)
Aflatoxicosis Food/waterborne 2 (0.7)
Guinea worm disease Other 2 (0.7)
Marburg Viral hemorrhagic fever 2 (0.7)
Leishmaniasis Vectorborne 2 (0.7)
Botulism Food/waterborne 1 (0.3)
Adverse effect following immunization Other 1 (0.3)
Hepatitis A Vaccine-preventable 1 (0.3)
Rotavirus Vaccine-preventable 1 (0.3)
Zika virus disease Vectorborne 1 (0.3)
Diphtheria Vaccine-preventable 1 (0.3)
Scabies
Other
1 (0.3)
Total 296 (100.0)

Main Article

Page created: July 31, 2020
Page updated: October 17, 2020 10:12 PM EDT
Page reviewed: October 17, 2020 10:12 PM EDT
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
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