Figure 5. Summary of IFR and CFR estimates for coronavirus disease. Circles or squares indicate mean or median estimates and error bars indicate confidence (dotted line) or credible (full line) intervals. Red indicates peer-reviewed and blue non–peer-reviewed papers (for links to non–peer reviewed papers, see Appendix Table 5). *Range based on »10% ascertainment. †Epidemic growth alone. ‡Epidemic growth along with other parameters. CFR, case fatality ratio; cCFR, laboratory-confirmed CFR; ccCFR, critical care and severe CFR; sCFR, symptomatic CFR; HFR, hospitalization fatality ratio; IFR, infection fatality ratio.