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Volume 26, Number 6—June 2020
Research

Antimicrobial Resistance in Salmonella enterica Serovar Paratyphi B Variant Java in Poultry from Europe and Latin America

L. Ricardo Castellanos1, Linda van der Graaf-van Bloois, Pilar Donado-Godoy, Kees Veldman, Francisco Duarte, María T. Acuña, Claudia Jarquín, François-Xavier Weill, Dik J. Mevius, Jaap A. Wagenaar, Joost Hordijk2, and Aldert L. Zomer2Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands (L.R. Castellanos, L. van der Graaf-van Bloois, D.J. Mevius, J.A. Wagenaar, J. Hordijk, A.L. Zomer); Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria–AGROSAVIA, Cundinamarca, Colombia (P. Donado-Godoy); Wageningen Bioveterinary Research, Lelystad, the Netherlands (K. Veldman, D.J. Mevius, J.A. Wagenaar); Instituto Costarricense de Investigación y Enseñanza en Nutrición y Salud, Tres Ríos, Costa Rica (F. Duarte, M.T. Acuña); Universidad del Valle de Guatemala, Guatemala City, Guatemala (C. Jarquín); Institut Pasteur, Paris, France (F.-X. Weill)

Main Article

Table

Newly obtained and publicly available genomes of 155 Salmonella enterica serovar Paratyphi B variant Java sequence type 28

Source Total No. per source* Years isolated
Historical
Saudi Arabia† 2 2 human 1987–1992
Austria†
1
1 poultry‡
1988
Europe
Belgium§ 5 5 unknown 2014
Denmark§ 9 8 poultry, 1 unknown 2009–2015
Germany§ 5 3 poultry, 1 human, 1 unknown 2001–2013
Ireland§ 2 2 human 2015–2016
Nigeria§¶ 1 1 poultry 2009
The Netherlands† 19 18 poultry, 1 fish 2000–2016
United Kingdom§
24
18 unknown, 5 human, 1 bovine
2006–2017
Latin America
Colombia†# 67 67 poultry 2008–2013
Costa Rica† 16 15 poultry, 1 swine 2009–2014
Guatemala† 4 4 poultry 2012

*Source-metadata of publicly available genomes was obtained from EnteroBase (https://enterobase.warwick.ac.uk).
†Newly obtained.
‡Sample from a turkey imported from Israel.
§Publicly available.
¶Phylogenetically related to the European clade.
#19 genomes from previous reports in Colombia were publicly available in EnteroBase (31).

Main Article

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Main Article

1Current affiliate: Quadram Institute Bioscience, Norwich, UK.

2These authors contributed equally to this article.

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