Volume 26, Number 9—September 2020
Evaluation of World Health Organization–Recommended Hand Hygiene Formulations
- World Health Organization. WHO guidelines on hand hygiene in health care. Geneva: The Organization; 2009.
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- European Committee for Standardization. European Norm (EN) 12791. Chemical disinfectants and antiseptics. Surgical hand disinfection—test method and requirement (phase 2/step 2). Brussels: The Committee; 2018.
- Suchomel M, Kundi M, Pittet D, Weinlich M, Rotter ML. Testing of the World Health Organization recommended formulations in their application as hygienic hand rubs and proposals for increased efficacy. Am J Infect Control. 2012;40:328–31.
- European Committee for Standardization. European Norm (EN) 1500. Chemical disinfectants and antiseptics—hygienic hand disinfection—test method and requirement (phase 2/step 2). Brussels: The Committee; 2018.
- Suchomel M, Kundi M, Allegranzi B, Pittet D, Rotter ML. Testing of the World Health Organization-recommended formulations for surgical hand preparation and proposals for increased efficacy. J Hosp Infect. 2011;79:115–8.
- Suchomel M, Rotter M, Weinlich M, Kundi M. Glycerol significantly decreases the three hour efficacy of alcohol-based surgical hand rubs. J Hosp Infect. 2013;83:284–7.
- Suchomel M, Kundi M, Pittet D, Rotter ML. Modified World Health Organization hand rub formulations comply with European efficacy requirements for preoperative surgical hand preparations. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2013;34:245–50.
- Menegueti MG, Laus AM, Ciol MA, Auxiliadora-Martins M, Basile-Filho A, Gir E, et al. Glycerol content within the WHO ethanol-based handrub formulation: balancing tolerability with antimicrobial efficacy. Antimicrob Resist Infect Control. 2019;8:109.
- Allegranzi B, Aiken AM, Zeynep Kubilay N, Nthumba P, Barasa J, Okumu G, et al. A multimodal infection control and patient safety intervention to reduce surgical site infections in Africa: a multicentre, before-after, cohort study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2018;18:507–15.
- Fluhr JW, Darlenski R, Surber C. Glycerol and the skin: holistic approach to its origin and functions. Br J Dermatol. 2008;159:23–34.
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