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Volume 28, Number 5—May 2022

Novel Hendra Virus Variant Circulating in Black Flying Foxes and Grey-Headed Flying Foxes, Australia

Alison J. Peel1Comments to Author , Claude Kwe Yinda1, Edward J. Annand, Adrienne S. Dale, Peggy Eby, John-Sebastian Eden, Devin N. Jones, Maureen K. Kessler, Tamika J. Lunn, Tim Pearson, Jonathan E. Schulz, Ina L. Smith, Vincent J. Munster2, Raina K. Plowright2, and Bat One Health Group3
Author affiliations: Griffith University Centre for Planetary Health and Food Security, Nathan, Queensland, Australia (A.J. Peel, P. Eby, T.J. Lunn); National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, USA (C.K. Yinda, J.E. Schulz, V.J. Munster); EquiEpiVet, Aireys Inlet, Victoria, Australia (E.J. Annand); Department of Agriculture, Water, and the Environment, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia (E.J. Annand); University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia (E.J. Annand, J.-S. Eden); Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas, USA (A.S. Dale); University of New South Wales, Sydney (P. Eby); Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, USA (D.N. Jones, M.K. Kessler, R.K. Plowright); Bellingen, New South Wales, Australia (T. Pearson); CSIRO, Black Mountain, Australian Capital Territory, Australia (I.L. Smith)

Main Article

Table 2

Details of urine samples collected from Pteropus alecto and P. poliocephalus flying foxes in underroost sampling sessions that tested positive for HeV-g2 and associated session-level prevalence for HeV-g1 and HeV-g2, Australia*

Site Date HeV-g2
Sample ID RNA copies/
Species recorded‡ Cyt b species§
No. positive/
Prevalence, % (95% CI) No. positive/ total Prevalence, % (95% CI)
Clunes, NSW 2019 Jul 27 1/36 2.8
0/36 0.0
ACMAC001_35_1 169 Pa Pa
Maclean, NSW 2018 Jul 9 1/36 2.8
0/36 0.0
ACCLU004_22_1F 225 Pp Pp
Clunes, NSW 2017 Aug 8 1/36 2.8
5/36 13.9
ACMAC001_35_1 174 2 Pa; 0 Pp Pa
Clunes, NSW 2018 Nov 1 2/51 3.9
4/51 7.8
ARCLU002_14_1 38 0 Pa; 2 Pp Mixed Pp/Pa
ARCLU010_22_1 17 1 Pa; 2 Pp Pa
Lismore, NSW 2017 Aug 27 1/48 2.1
21/48 43.8
ARCLU010_26_1 783 4 Pa; 0 Pp NA
Nambucca Heads, NSW 2018 May 20 2/31 6.5
8/31 25.8
ARLIS002_55_1 67 0 Pa; 2 Pp Pa
ARNAM005_2_1 15 4 Pa; 0 Pp Pa
Sunnybank, QLD 2018 Nov 26 1/36 2.8
1/36 2.8
ARNAM005_12_1 381,123 0 Pa; 4 Pp Pp
Dorroughby, NSW 2016 Dec 16 1/18 2.5
1/18 2.5
ARSUN015_15_1 58 NR Pa

*Cyt b, Cytochrome b; HeV, Hendra virus; NSW, New South Wales; Pa, P. alecto; Pp, P. poliocephalus; QLD, Queensland; NA, not available; NR, not recorded. †HeV-g2 viral copies/mL: the minimum copy number which would be expected to reliably give a positive PCR result in all replicates in the quantitative reverse transcription PCR assay (the limit of detection) was 5–10 copies per reaction (≈1,070–2,140 copies/mL). ‡For underroost samples, the number of flying foxes recorded by species (P. alecto or P. poliocephalus) at the time of sampling might not precisely reflect the proportion of urine collected from each species. §Appendix Table 3 (

Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this article.

2These senior authors contributed equally to this article.

3Members of Bat One Health are listed at the end of this article.

Page created: March 07, 2022
Page updated: April 19, 2022
Page reviewed: April 19, 2022
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