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Volume 4, Number 1—March 1998


Calicivirus Emergence from Ocean Reservoirs: Zoonotic and Interspecies Movements

Alvin W. Smith*, Douglas E. Skilling*, Neil Cherry†, Jay H. Mead‡, and David O. Matson§
Author affiliations: *Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA; †Lincoln University, New Zealand; ‡Red Cross, Portland, Oregon, USA; §Children's Hospital of the King's Daughters, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia, USA

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Table 1

Calicivirus tissue trophisms

Disease conditions Species affected Calicivirus groupa
Skin blistering Cattle, cats, dogs, humans, primates, seals, swine VESV, SMSV, FCV, CCV
Pneumonia Cats, cattle, swine FCV, SMSV
Abortion Seals, swine VESV, SMSV
Encephalitis Cats, primates, seals, swine VESV, SMSV
Myocarditis Seals, swine VESV, SMSV
Hepatitis Humans, rabbits, swine VESV, RHDV, HEV
Diarrhea Cattle, dogs, humans, reptiles, swine VESV, SMSV, CCV, SRSV, Sapporo
Coagulation/hemorrhage Humans, rabbits, seals, swine RHDV, VESV, HEV

aThe family Caliciviridae has been tentatively divided into five groups, each proposed to be a genus. Group 1: Vesicular exanthema of swine (VESV), San Miguel sea lion virus (SMSV), Feline calicivirus (FCV), Canine calicivirus (CCV); Group 2: Sapporo calicivirus (Sapporo); Group 3: Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV); Group 4: Hepatitis E virus (HEV); Group 5: Small round structured virus (SRSV), which includes Norwalk virus.

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