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Volume 5, Number 1—February 1999


Genetic Diversity and Distribution of Peromyscus-Borne Hantaviruses in North America

Martha C. Monroe*, Sergey P. Morzunov†, Angela M. Johnson*, Michael D. Bowen*, Harvey Artsob‡, Terry Yates§, C.J. Peters*, Pierre E. Rollin*, Thomas G. Ksiazek*, and Stuart T. Nichol*Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA;; †University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada, USA;; ‡Laboratory Centre for Disease Control, Federal Laboratories, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada;; §University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

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Table 1

Hantaviruses in the New World

Virusa Diseaseb Known or suspected host Location Virus isolate
Sigmodontinae associated
Sin Nombre HPS Peromyscus maniculatus (grassland form) West & Central U.S.and Canada Y
Monongahela HPS P. maniculatus (forest form) Eastern U.S. and Canada N
New York HPS P. leucopus (eastern haplotype) Eastern U.S. Y
Blue River P. leucopus (SW/NW haplotypes) Central U.S. N
Bayou HPS Oryzomys palustris Southwestern U.S. Y
Black Creek Canal HPS Sigmodon hispidus (eastern form) Florida Y
Muleshoe S. hispidus (western form) Southern U.S. N
Caño Delgadito S. alstoni Venezuela Y
Andes HPS Oligoryzomys longicaudatus Argentina and Chile Y
Oran HPS O. longicaudatus Northwestern Argentina N
Lechiguanas HPS O. flavescens Central Argentina N
Bermejo O. chacoensis Northwestern Argentina N
Hu39694 HPS Unknown Central ArgentinaN
Pergamino Akadon azarae Central Argentina N
Maciel Bolomys obscurus Central Argentina N
Laguna Negra HPS Calomys laucha Paraguay and Bolivia Y
Juquitiba HPS Unknown Brazil N
Rio Mamore O. microtis Bolivia and Peru Y
El Moro Canyon Reithrodontomys megalotis Western U.S. and Mexico N
Rio Segundo R. mexicanus Costa Rica N
Arvicolinae associated
Prospect Hill Microtus pennsylvanicus N. America Y
Bloodland Lake M. ochrogaster N. America N
Prospect Hill-like M. pennsyl./montanus/ochrogaster N. America N
Isla Vista M. californicus Western U.S. and Mexico N
Murinae associated
Seoul HFRS Rattus norvegicus Worldwide Y

aMajor virus types or species are in bold and indented below the rodent subfamilies with which they are associated; related genetically distinct virus lineages that may represent additional species or subspecies are indented below virus types and species.
bHPS = hantavirus pulmonary syndrome; HFRS = hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome.

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