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Volume 5, Number 3—June 1999

Q Fever in Bulgaria and Slovakia

V. Serbezov*, J. Kazár†Comments to Author , V. Novkirishki*, N. Gatcheva*, E. Kovácová‡, and V. Voynova*
Author affiliations: *National Center of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Sofia, Bulgaria; †Institute of Preventive and Clinical Medicine, Bratislava, Slovak Republic ; ‡Institute of Virology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovak Republic

Main Article


Phase II-Coxiella burnetii antibodies in patients with bronchopneumonia and acute respiratory symptoms, Bulgaria

Town (region) Testing period No. positive/
No. testeda % positive
(% acute)
Ichtiman (West April-June 1995 19/21 90.5 (38)
Elin-Pelin (West) April 1995 9/9 100.0 (44)
Blagoyevgrad (Southwest) March-June 1996 26/44 59.1 (34)
Blagoyevgrad (Southwest) March-June 1997 24/30 80.0 (60)
Stara Zagora (South) March-June 1997 24/52 46.2 (28)
Vraca (Northwest) March-June 1997 37/6 60.7 (13)
Varna (Northeast) Feb-March 1997 28/35 80.0 (14)
 Total 167/252 66.3 (29)

aSera from Ichtiman and Elin-Pelin were examined by complement fixation test, remaining sera by microagglutination. All sera were from patients with bronchopneumonia, except those collected in Varna, which were from patients with acute respiratory flulike symptoms. Sera with titers > 10 in either test were considered serologically positive. Acute Q-fever diagnosis was based on seroconversion or fourfold rise of antibody titers.

Main Article

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