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Volume 7, Number 1—February 2001

Pesticides and Public Health: Integrated Methods of Mosquito Management

Robert I. RoseComments to Author 
Author affiliation: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, USA

Main Article


Pesticides used for mosquito control in the United States

Name Trade Name Formulationa Application Advantage Limitation
Temephos Abate G, EC Larvae Usually lowest cost Nontarget effects, some resistance
Methoprene Altosid G, B, P, LC Larvae Residual briquets, nontarget safety Cannot be certain of performance until too late to retreat
Oils BVA, Golden Bear Oil Larvae, pupae Acts on pupae Oil film, subsurface larvae
Monomolecular film Agnique Liquid Larvae, pupae Acts on pupae Subsurface larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti) Aquabac, Bactimos, LarvX, Teknar, Dunks WDG, AS, P, G, B Larvae Nontarget safety, Briquets control 30+ days Short window of treatment opportunity, pupae
Bacillus sphaericus (Bs) VectoLex G, WDG Larvae Nontarget safety Pupae, only works in fresh water
Malathion Fyfanon, Atrapa, Prentox ULV, thermal fog Adults Tolerances OPa, some resistance
Naled Dibrom, Trumpet ULV, EC,thermal fog Adults Tolerances OP, corrosive
Fenthion Batex ULV Adults None specified OP, Florida only, RUPa, tolerances
Permethrin Permanone, AquaResilin, Biomist, Mosquito-Beater ULV, thermal fog, clothing treatment Adults, clothing treatment for ticks and mosquitoes Low vertebrate toxicity None specified
Resmethrin Scourge ULV, thermal fog Adults Low vertebrate toxicity RUP, no tolerance for residue on crops
Sumithrin Anvil ULV,thermal fog Adults Low vertebrate toxicity No tolerance
Pyrethrins Pyrenone, Pyronyl ULV, EC Adults, larvae Natural pyrethrum, tolerances May be costly

aAS = Aqueous suspension; B = Briquets; EC = Emulsifiable concentrate; G = Granules; LC = Liquid concentrate; P = Pellets; ULV = Ultra low volume; WDG = Water-dispersible granule; OP = Organophospate insecticide; RUP = Restricted use product

Main Article

Page created: March 16, 2011
Page updated: March 16, 2011
Page reviewed: March 16, 2011
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.