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Volume 7, Number 2—April 2001
4th Decennial International Conference on Nosocomial and Healthcare-Associated Infections

The Impact of Hospital-Acquired Bloodstream Infections

Richard P. WenzelComments to Author  and Michael B. Edmond
Author affiliations: Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA

Main Article

Table 1

Deaths and death rates in the United States, 1997 (1)

No. of deaths Crude death rate
Cause of death (thousands) (per 100,000) % of all deaths
Heart disease 725.8 271.2 31.4
Malignancies 537.4 200.8 23.2
Cerebrovascular disease 159.9 59.7 6.9
Pneumonia and influenza 88.4 33.0 3.8
Septicemia 22.6 8.4 0.97

Main Article

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  6. Pittet  D, Wenzel  RP. Nosocomial bloodstream infection: secular trends in rates and mortality in a tertiary health care center. Arch Intern Med. 1995;155:117784. DOIPubMed
  7. Edmond  MB, Wallace  SE, McClish  DK, Pfaller  MA, Jones  RN, Wenzel  RP. Nosocomial bloodstream infections in United States hospitals: a three-year analysis. Clin Infect Dis. 1999;29:23944. DOIPubMed
  8. Wenzel  RP. Attributable mortality: the promise of better antimicrobial therapy. J Infect Dis. 1998;178:9179. DOIPubMed
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  10. Wenzel  RP. The economics of nosocomial infection. J Hosp Infect. 1995;31:7987. DOIPubMed
  11. Darouiche  RO, Raad  II, Heard  SO, Thornby  JI, Wenker  OC, Gabrielli  A, A comparison of two antimicrobial-impregnated central venous catheters. N Engl J Med. 1999;340:18. DOIPubMed
  12. Wenzel  RP, Edmond  MB. The evolving technology of venous access. N Engl J Med. 1999;340:489. DOIPubMed
  13. Bischoff  WE, Reynolds  TM, Sessler  CN, Edmond  MB, Wenzel  RP. Handwashing compliance by health care workers: the impact of introducing an accessible, alcohol-based hand disinfectant. Arch Intern Med. 2000;160:101721. DOIPubMed
  14. Doebbeling  BN, Stanley  GL, Sheetz  CT, Pfaller  MA, Houston  AK, Annis  L, Comparative efficacy of alternative handwashing agents in reducing nosocomial infections in intensive care units. N Engl J Med. 1992;327:8893. DOIPubMed

Main Article

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Page updated: May 10, 2011
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