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Volume 8, Number 1—January 2002


Tularemia Outbreak Investigation in Kosovo: Case Control and Environmental Studies

Ralf Reintjes*Comments to Author , Isuf Dedushaj†, Ardiana Gjini‡, Tine Rikke Jorgensen§, Benvon Cotter¶, Alfons Lieftucht**, Fortunato D’Ancona¶, David T. Dennis††, Michael A. Kosoy, Gjyle Mulliqi-Osmani†, Roland Grunow‡‡, Ariana Kalaveshi†, Luljeta Gashi†, and Isme Humolli†
Author affiliations: *Institute of Public Health North Rhine-Westphalia, Munich, Germany; †Institute of Public Health, Pristina, Kosovo; ‡World Health Organization, Pristina, Kosovo; §World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen, Denmark; §Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy; ¶#European Programme for Intervention Epidemiology Training, Paris, France; **PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, London, United Kingdom; ††Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; ‡‡German Reference Laboratory on Tularemia, Munich, Germany;

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Table 2

Risk factors for tularemia determined by conditional logistic regression in a matched comparison of 46 case households and 76 control households, Kosovo, October 1999-May 2000

Variable ORa 95% CI p value
Rodent feces in food storage 5.8 1.5-22.2 0.01
Large numbers of field mice near house 5.7 1.1-28.7 0.04
Well protected from rodents 0.2 0.02-0.99 0.04
Eating fresh vegetables 0.1 0.01-0.80 0.03

aOR = odds ratio; CI = confidence interval.

Main Article