Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link Skip directly to A-Z link
Volume 14, Number 11—November 2008

Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis 
Outbreak among US-bound Hmong 
Refugees, Thailand, 2005

John E. OeltmannComments to Author , Jay K. Varma, Luis Ortega, Yecai Liu, Thomas O’Rourke, Maria Cano, Theresa A. Harrington, Sean Toney, Warren Jones, Samart Karuchit, Lois Diem, Dhanida Rienthong, Jordan W. Tappero, Kashef Ijaz, and Susan A. Maloney
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (J.E. Oeltmann, L. Ortega, Y. Liu, M. Cano, T. Harrington, S. Toney, L. Diem, K. Ijaz, S.A. Maloney); Thailand Ministry of Public Health–US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration, Bangkok, Thailand (J.K. Varma, S. Karuchit, J.W. Tappero); The International Organization for Migration, Bangkok (T. O’Rourke, W. Jones); Thailand Ministry of Public Health, Bangkok (D. Rienthong);

Main Article

Table 1

Demographic and disease characteristics among Hmong refugees with tuberculosis, Thailand, February 2005*

Characteristic No. (%)
272 (100)
F 112 (41.2)
160 (58.8)
Age, y
<15 21 (7.7)
15–64 153 (56.3)
98 (36.0)
Culture results
Positive 57 (21.0)
Negative 185 (68.0)
30 (11.0)
DST results
MDR TB 24 (8.8)
Other patterns 9 (3.3)
24 (8.8)
Smear results
Ever positive 34 (12.5)
Always negative 213 (78.3)
Unknown 25 (9.2)

*DST, Mycobacterium tuberculosis drug-susceptibility test results; MDR TB, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis.

Main Article

Page created: July 16, 2010
Page updated: July 16, 2010
Page reviewed: July 16, 2010
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.