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Volume 14, Number 11—November 2008


Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis 
Outbreak among US-bound Hmong 
Refugees, Thailand, 2005

John E. OeltmannComments to Author , Jay K. Varma, Luis Ortega, Yecai Liu, Thomas O’Rourke, Maria Cano, Theresa A. Harrington, Sean Toney, Warren Jones, Samart Karuchit, Lois Diem, Dhanida Rienthong, Jordan W. Tappero, Kashef Ijaz, and Susan A. Maloney
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (J.E. Oeltmann, L. Ortega, Y. Liu, M. Cano, T. Harrington, S. Toney, L. Diem, K. Ijaz, S.A. Maloney); Thailand Ministry of Public Health–US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration, Bangkok, Thailand (J.K. Varma, S. Karuchit, J.W. Tappero); The International Organization for Migration, Bangkok (T. O’Rourke, W. Jones); Thailand Ministry of Public Health, Bangkok (D. Rienthong);

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Table 1

Demographic and disease characteristics among Hmong refugees with tuberculosis, Thailand, February 2005*

Characteristic No. (%)
272 (100)
F 112 (41.2)
160 (58.8)
Age, y
<15 21 (7.7)
15–64 153 (56.3)
98 (36.0)
Culture results
Positive 57 (21.0)
Negative 185 (68.0)
30 (11.0)
DST results
MDR TB 24 (8.8)
Other patterns 9 (3.3)
24 (8.8)
Smear results
Ever positive 34 (12.5)
Always negative 213 (78.3)
Unknown 25 (9.2)

*DST, Mycobacterium tuberculosis drug-susceptibility test results; MDR TB, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis.

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