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Volume 14, Number 9—September 2008


Circulation of 3 Lineages of a Novel Saffold Cardiovirus in Humans

Jan Felix Drexler, Luciano Kleber de Souza Luna, Andreas Stöcker, Patrícia Silva Almeida, Tereza Cristina Medrado Ribeiro, Nadine Petersen, Petra Herzog, Célia Pedroso, Hans Iko Huppertz, Hugo da Costa Ribeiro, Sigrid Baumgarte, and Sung Sup ParkComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil (J.F. Drexler, A. Stöcker, P. Silva Almeida, T.C. Medrado Ribeiro, C. Pedroso, H. da Costa Ribeiro Jr.); Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany (J.F. Drexler, L.K. de Souza Luna, N. Petersen, P. Herzog); Professor Hess Paediatric Hospital, Bremen, Germany (H.I. Huppertz); Institute of Hygiene and the Environment, Hamburg (S. Baumgarte); University of Bonn Medical Centre, Bonn, Germany (C. Drosten);

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Table 3

Characteristics of cardiovirus-positive patients, Germany and Brazil, 2004 and 2006*

Patient ID Sampling date Sampling site epidemiologic context Patient sex Patient age at sampling Clinical symptoms Viral co-infections† Virus concentration‡
BR/118/2006 2006 Aug 2 Salvador, Brazil M 6 wk Gastroenteritis Adenovirus,
norovirus 33,373,329
BR/176/2006 2006 Oct 2 Salvador, Brazil F 4 y Gastroenteritis, URTI§ Norovirus 283,305
D/VI2273/2004 2004 Nov 9 Outbreak, childcare center, Altona, Hamburg
Germany M 2 y Gastroenteritis Adenovirus 673,009,359
D/VI2223/2004 2004 Nov 2 Single case, pediatric outpatient, Hamburg
Germany M 2 y Gastroenteritis None 59,687,364
D/VI2229/2004 2004 Nov 1 Single case, kindergarten, Bergedorf, Hamburg
Germany F 4 y Gastroenteritis None 5,044,412,175
D/PN11/2004 2004 Nov 15 Family outbreak, Bergedorf, Hamburg
Germany M 6 y Gastroenteritis Enterovirus 3,093,024

*ID, identification; URTI, upper respiratory tract infection.
†All samples were tested for norovirus, rotavirus, adenovirus, astrovirus, parechovirus, and enterovirus.
‡Viral RNA copies in ≈1 g/1 mL of stool.
§Respiratory tract sample testing negative for Saffold-like virus.

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