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Volume 15, Number 10—October 2009


Diversity and Origin of Dengue Virus Serotypes 1, 2, and 3, Bhutan

Tandin Dorji, In-Kyu Yoon, Edward C. Holmes, Sonam Wangchuk, Tashi Tobgay, Ananda Nisalak, Piyawan Chinnawirotpisan, Kanittha Sangkachantaranon, Robert V. Gibbons, and Richard G. JarmanComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Ministry of Health, Thimphu, Bhutan (T. Dorji, S. Wangchuk); United States Army Medical Command–Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangkok, Thailand (I.-K. Yoon, A. Nisalak, P. Chinnawirotpisan, K. Sangkachantaranon, R.V. Gibbons, R.G. Jarman); The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA (E.C. Holmes); National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA (E.C. Holmes); Ministry of Health, Gelephu, Bhutan (T. Tobgay).

Main Article


Laboratory-confirmed dengue cases, Bhutan, 2004–2006*

Year Dengue cases
PCR serologic results
Primary Secondary Positive Negative
2004 15 13 (1 DENV-2) 6 (DENV-2) 19
2005 8 (2 DENV-3) 2 2 (DENV-3) 7
2006 23 (13 DENV-3) 16 (11 DENV-3) 17 (16 DENV-3, 1 DENV-1) 40

*DENV, dengue virus.

Main Article