Volume 15, Number 5—May 2009
New Respiratory Enterovirus and Recombinant Rhinoviruses among Circulating Picornaviruses
|Type of study (no. enrolled)||Age group||Patient characteristics||Years of study||Type of specimens||PCR||No. (%) positive||Reference|
|Respiratory infection in newborns (243)||<1 y||Nonhospitalized children with initial respiratory episode with cough||1999–2005||NPS||HRV-A and HRV-B specific real time for the first 203 and panenterhino for 40||36 (15)||(20)|
|Lower respiratory tract infection in hospitalized patients (147)||Adults||Mainly immunocompromised patients with lower respiratory tract complications and comorbidities||2001–2003||BAL, NPS||HRV-A and HRV-B specific real time||16 (11)||(21)|
|Acute respiratory tract infection in children (653)||<17 y||Nonhospitalized children with AOM or pneumonia||2004–2007||NPS||Panenterhino||121 (18)||(22) and ongoing study|
|Lower respiratory tract infection in hospitalized patients (485)||Adults||Mainly immunocompromised patients with lower respiratory tract complications and concurrent illnesses||2003–2006||BAL, NPS||Panenterhino||52 (11)||(21) and ongoing study|
|Acute respiratory tract infection in children (64)||<12 y||Children at an emergency department with fever and acute respiratory symptoms treated with antimicrobial drugs||2006–2007||NPS||Panenterhino||23 (36)||NP|
|Isolation in routine procedures (NA)||Children and adults||Hospitalized patients||1999–2008||BAL, NPS||HE culture isolation||NA||NP|
*NPS, nasopharyngeal samples; HRV, human rhinovirus; BAL, bronchoalveolar lavage; AOM, acute otitis media; NP, not published; NA, not available; HE, human embryonic primary fibroblast cell line.
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