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Volume 15, Number 9—September 2009


Distant Relatives of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus and Close Relatives of Human Coronavirus 229E in Bats, Ghana

Susanne Pfefferle, Samuel Oppong, Jan Felix Drexler, Florian Gloza-Rausch, Anne Ipsen, Antje Seebens, Marcel A. Müller, Augustina Annan, Peter Vallo, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Thomas F. Kruppa, and Sung Sup ParkComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany (S. Pfefferle, J.F. Drexler, T.F. Kruppa); University of Bonn Medical Centre, Bonn, Germany (S. Pfefferle, J.F. Drexler, M.A. Müller, C. Drosten); Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana (S. Oppong, Y. Adu-Sarkodie); Noctalis, Centre for Bat Protection and Information, Bad Segeberg, Germany (F. Floza-Rausch, A. Ipsen, A. Seebens); Kumasi Centre for Collaborative Research in Tropical Medicine, Kumasi (A. Annan, T.F. Kruppa); Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Brno, Czech Republic (P. Vallo)

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Table 1

Overview of bats studied, Ghana

Sampling site Species No. fecal samples No. positive (group 1/group 2)
Zoo Kumasi (6°42′2.0′′N, 1°37′29.9′′W)
Eidolon helvum
KNUST Botanical Garden Kumasi (6°41′6.4′′N, 1°33′42.8′′W)†
Pipistrellus nanulus 1 0
Glauconycteris beatrix
Lake Bosumtwi (6°32′22.3′′N, 1°24′41.5′′W)
Chaerephon spp. 6 0
Nycteris hispida 1 0
P. nanus 5 0
P. deserti
Cave Kwamang (6°58′N, 1°16′W)
Hipposideros caffer ruber 40 10 (4/6)
H. abae
Cave Booyem A (7°43′24.9′′N, 1°59′16.5′′W)
H. cf. ruber 8 0
Coleura afra
Cave Booyem B (7°43′25.7′′N, 1°59′33.5′′W)
H. cf. ruber 11 2 (1/1)
H. abae 3 0
Coleura afra
Total 335 12

*These samples were collected without individual association to bats. Due to a low sampling frequency, it can be assumed that each sample was from an individual bat.
†Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology.
‡Two morphotypes were observed.

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