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Volume 16, Number 8—August 2010
Research

White-Nose Syndrome Fungus (Geomyces destructans) in Bats, Europe

Gudrun WibbeltComments to Author , Andreas Kurth, David Hellmann, Manfred Weishaar, Alex Barlow, Michael Veith, Julia Prüger, Tamás Görföl, Lena Grosche, Fabio Bontadina, Ulrich Zöphel, Hans-Peter Seidl, Paul M. Cryan, and David S. Blehert
Author affiliations: Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, Berlin, Germany (G. Wibbelt); Robert Koch Institute, Berlin (A. Kurth); University of Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany (D. Hellmann); Bat Conservation Working Group, Gusterath, Germany (M. Weishaar); Veterinary Laboratory Agency, Somerset, UK (A. Barlow); Trier University, Trier, Germany (M. Veith); Coordination Agency for Bat Protection in Thuringia, Erfurt, Germany (J. Prüger); Nature Conservation Foundation of Tolna County, Szekszárd, Hungary (T. Görföl); Echolot GbR, Münster, Germany (L. Grosche); SWILD–Urban Ecology and Wildlife Research, Zurich, Switzerland (F. Bontadina); Saxonian State Office for Environment, Agriculture and Geology, Dresden-Pillnitz, Germany (U. Zöphel); Technical University Munich, Munich, Germany (H.-P. Seidl); US Geological Survey, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA (P.M. Cryan); US Geological Survey, Madison, Wisconsin, USA (D.S. Blehert)

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Figure 2

Locations in Europe of bats positive for Geomyces destructans by PCR alone (circles) or by PCR and culture (solid stars) and bats negative for G. destructans but positive for other fungi (square). Numbers for locations correspond to those in Table 2. Sites 7, 8, and 9 had additional bats that were positive for G. destructans only by PCR. Location of a bat positive for G. destructans in France (16) is indicated by an open star. Some sites had >1 bat species with evidence of colonization by G.

Figure 2. Locations in Europe of bats positive for Geomyces destructans by PCR alone (circles) or by PCR and culture (solid stars) and bats negative for G. destructans but positive for other fungi (square). Numbers for locations correspond to those in Table 2. Sites 7, 8, and 9 had additional bats that were positive for G. destructans only by PCR. Location of a bat positive for G. destructans in France (16) is indicated by an open star. Some sites had >1 bat species with evidence of colonization by G. destructans.

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Page updated: March 30, 2011
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