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Volume 17, Number 9—September 2011
Etymologia

Etymologia: Mycobacterium chelonae

Nancy MännikköComments to Author 
Author affiliation: Author affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA

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[mi′′ko-bak-tēr-eəm che′lō-nae]

From the Greek mycēs, fungus, baktērion, little rod, and chelōnē, turtle. German researcher Friedrich Freidmann reported isolation of this pathogen from the lung tissues of sea turtles (Chelona corticata) in 1903, referring to it as the turtle tubercle bacillus. In 1920, the Society of American Bacteriologists recommended that the organism be named after its discoverer, or Mycobacterium friedmannii. Bergey et al., however, chose in 1923 to instead recognize the host animal in the first edition of Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology and listed the bacterium as Mycobacterium chelonei. The spelling was changed in the 1980s to chelonae to make it consistent with general use.

Sources: Dorland’s Illustrated Medical Dictionary. 31st ed. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2007; Grange JM. Mycobacterium chenolei. Tubercle. 1981;62:273–6.PubMed; Topley & Wilson’s Microbiology and Microbial Infections. Bacteriology, 10th ed., Vol. 2. London: Hodder Arnold; 2005.

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Cite This Article

DOI: 10.3201/eid1709.et1709

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Table of Contents – Volume 17, Number 9—September 2011

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Nancy Männikkö, EID Journal, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop D61, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA

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Page created: September 09, 2011
Page updated: September 09, 2011
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The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
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