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Volume 20, Number 2—February 2014

Subtyping Cryptosporidium ubiquitum,a Zoonotic Pathogen Emerging in Humans

Na Li, Lihua Xiao, Keri Alderisio, Kristin Elwin, Elizabeth Cebelinski, Rachel Chalmers, Monica Santin, Ronald Fayer, Martin Kvac, Una Ryan, Bohumil Sak, Michal Stanko, Yaqiong Guo, Lin Wang, Longxian Zhang, Jinzhong Cai, Dawn Roellig, Yaoyu FengComments to Author , and BohumilSakYaqiongGuoJinzhongCai
Author affiliations: East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, China (N. Li, Y. Guo, L. Wang, Y. Feng); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (N. Li, L. Xiao, Y. Guo, D. Roellig); New York City Department of Environmental Protection, Flushing, New York, USA (K. Alderisio); UK Cryptosporidium Reference Unit, Swansea, UK (K. Elwin, R. Chalmers); Minnesota Department of Health, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA (E. Cebelinski); US Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland, USA (M. Santin, R. Fayer); Academy of Science of Czech Republic, České Budějovice, Czech Republic (M. Kvac, B. Sak); Murdoch University, Perth, Australia (U. Ryan); Slovak Academy of Sciences, Košice, Slovakia (M. Stanko); Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, China (L. Zhang); Qinghai Academy of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Xining, China (J. Cai)

Main Article

Table 1

Origin and gp60 subtype identity of Cryptosporidium ubiquitum specimens from human, animals, and water, 2002–2012

Host group/species Total no. samples Source location (no. samples) Subtype family (no. samples)
Eastern chipmunk 2 USA (2) XIIb (1), XIId (1)
Eastern gray squirrel 2 USA (2) XIId (2)
Red squirrel 1 USA (1) XIId (1)
Woodchuck 1 USA (1) XIId (1)
Beaver 1 USA (1) XIId (1)
Ring-tailed porcupine 2 USA (2) XIIc (2)
Goat through porcupine* 3 USA (3) XIIc (3)
Yellow-necked field mouse 2 Slovak Republic (2) XIIe (1), XIIf (1)
Striped field mouse

Slovak Republic (2)
XIIe (2)
USA (1)
XIId (1)
UK (1)
XIIa (1)
Sheep 56 USA (14), Peru (1), Brazil (3), Spain (9), UK (4), Turkey (1), China (18), Australia (6) XIIa (56)
Goat 1 Algeria (1) XIIa (1)
Yak 3 China (3) XIIa (3)
Buffalo 1 South Africa (1) XIIa (1)
Alpaca 1 Peru (1) XIIa (1)
Swamp deer 3 Nepal (3) XIIa (3)
Impala 1 South. Africa (1) XIIa (1)
Blesbok 1 Czech Republic (1) XIIa (1)
Nyala 1 Czech Republic (1) XIIa (1)
Nonhuman primate
Verreaux’s sifaka
USA (1)
XIIb (1)
Human 41 USA (25) XIIb (9), XIIc (4), 
XIId (12)
UK (13) XIIa (8), XIIb (3), 
XIId (2)
Turkey (1) XIIa (1)
Peru (1) XIIa (1)

Canada (1)
XIIa (1)
Storm water 15 USA (15) XIIb (15)
Source water 3 USA (3) XIIb (2), XIId (1)

*Experimentally infected with specimen from a porcupine.

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Page created: January 16, 2014
Page updated: January 16, 2014
Page reviewed: January 16, 2014
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.