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Volume 20, Number 5—May 2014


Human Papillomavirus Prevalence in Oropharyngeal Cancer before Vaccine Introduction, United States

Martin SteinauComments to Author , Mona Saraiya, Marc T. Goodman, Edward S. Peters, Meg Watson, Jennifer L. Cleveland, Charles F. Lynch, Edward J. Wilkinson, Brenda Y. Hernandez, Glen Copeland, Maria S. Saber, Claudia Hopenhayn, Youjie Huang, Wendy Cozen, Christopher Lyu, Elizabeth R. Unger, and the HPV Typing of Cancers Workgroup
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (M. Steinau, M. Saraiya, M. Watson, J.L. Cleveland, E.R. Unger); Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA (M.T. Goodman); Louisiana State University, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA (E.S. Peters); University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA (C.F. Lynch); University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA (E.J. Wilkinson); University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA (B.Y. Hernandez); Michigan Cancer Surveillance Program, Lansing, Michigan, USA (G. Copeland); Los Angeles Cancer Registry, Los Angeles, California, USA (M.S. Saber, W. Cozen); University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA (C. Hopenhayn); Florida Department of Health, Tallahassee, Florida, USA (Y. Huang); Battelle Memorial Institute, Durham, North Carolina, USA (C. Lyu)

Main Article

Table 1

Characteristics of oropharyngeal cancer case-patients who provided samples with those all eligible case-patients, United States, 1995–2005*

Characteristic % Case-patient samples not tested, n = 683 % Case-patient samples tested, n = 588
Age, y
<50 18.4 18.5
50–59 32.1 33.7
60–69 27.5 27.6
Asian/Pacific Islander 1.3 4.4
Non-Hispanic Black 11.9 12.6
Hispanic 8.6 6.8
Non-Hispanic White 77.6 75.2
F 23.4 25.4
Cancer stage
Local 13.6 19.2
Regional 52.0 56.5
Distant 17.7 13.6
*Samples were provided from 7 US registries.

Main Article

1Members of HPV Typing of Cancers Workgroup who contributed to this study are listed at the end of this article.