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Volume 20, Number 8—August 2014

Global and Local Persistence of Influenza A(H5N1) Virus

Xianbin Li, Zhong Zhang, Ailian Yu, Simon Y. W. Ho, Michael J. Carr, Weimin Zheng, Yanzhou Zhang, Chaodong Zhu1, Fumin Lei1, and Weifeng Shi1Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen, China (X. Li); Taishan Medical College, Taian, Shandong, China (Z. Zhang, A. Yu, W. Shi); Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China (X. Li, W. Zheng, Y. Zhang, C. Zhu, F. Lei); University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia (S.Y.W. Ho); University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland (M.J. Carr); 1These authors contributed equally to this article.

Main Article

Table 1

Statistical analysis of geographic structure for highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) viruses*

Observed mean 95% CI Null mean 95% CI Significance, p value
South Korea and Japan 50.44 49.0–68.0 1.66 1.19–2.04 0.001
Siberia 8.90 8.0–11.0 1.59 1.11–2.01 0.001
Southeast Asia 311.54 296.0–440.0 4.57 3.93–5.95 0.001
Africa 47.73 38.0–64.0 3.55 3.12–4.30 0.001
Hong Kong 17.00 17.0–17.0 1.99 1.65–2.24 0.001
China 32.88 28.0–42.0 3.74 3.23–4.65 0.001
Europe 80.08 80.0–80.0 2.21 2.01–3.00 0.001
Central and western Asia 5.23 3.0–8.0 1.32 1.00–2.00 0.001
Southern Asia 106.00 106.0–106.0 2.03 1.75–2.30 0.001

*Analyzed by using Bayesian Analysis of Time Series (27).

Main Article

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