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Volume 20, Number 8—August 2014

Global and Local Persistence of Influenza A(H5N1) Virus

Xianbin Li, Zhong Zhang, Ailian Yu, Simon Y. W. Ho, Michael J. Carr, Weimin Zheng, Yanzhou Zhang, Chaodong Zhu1, Fumin Lei1, and Weifeng Shi1Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen, China (X. Li); Taishan Medical College, Taian, Shandong, China (Z. Zhang, A. Yu, W. Shi); Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China (X. Li, W. Zheng, Y. Zhang, C. Zhu, F. Lei); University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia (S.Y.W. Ho); University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland (M.J. Carr); 1These authors contributed equally to this article.

Main Article

Table 2

Means and 95% credible intervals of the total immigration and emigration rates for highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) viruses across resampled replicates and trunk proportion of each region, 1996–2012*

Region Mean (95% credible interval)
Immigration Emigration Trunk proportion
Europe 1.24 (0.61–2.25) 0.89 (0.49–1.58) 0.01 (0.00–0.05)
Hong Kong 0.65 (0.34–1.13) 0.67 (0.41–1.05) 0.06 (0.04–0.12)
Africa 0.26 (0.18–0.38) 0.98 (0.62–1.45) 0.25 (0.23–0.29)
China 0.46 (0.25–0.81) 0.69 (0.41–1.08) 0.24 (0.17–0.31)
Central and western Asia 1.95 (1.18–2.95) 0.71 (0.40–1.24) 0.01 (0.00–0.03)
Southern Asia 0.40 (0.28–0.60) 0.56 (0.32–0.93) 0.02 (0.00–0.10)
Southeast Asia 0.25 (0.16–0.38) 0.37 (0.23–0.56) 0.38 (0.35–0.41)
South Korea and Japan 1.05 (0.52–2.72) 1.03 (0.36–2.60) 0.00 (0.00–0.02)
Siberia 1.45 (0.57–3.35) 1.81 (0.84–4.05) 0.04 (0.00–0.11)

*Migration rates are given in migration events per lineage per year.

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Page created: July 18, 2014
Page updated: July 18, 2014
Page reviewed: July 18, 2014
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