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Volume 21, Number 7—July 2015

Macacine Herpesvirus 1 in Long-Tailed Macaques, Malaysia, 2009–2011

Mei-Ho Lee, Melinda K. Rostal, Tom Hughes, Frankie Sitam, Chee-Yen Lee, Jeffrine Japning, Mallory E. Harden, Anthony Griffiths, Misliah Basir, Nathan D. Wolfe, Jonathan H. EpsteinComments to Author , and Peter Daszak
Author affiliations: EcoHealth Alliance, New York, New York, USA (M-.H. Lee, M.K. Rostal, T. Hughes, C.-Y. Lee, J.H. Epstein, P. Daszak); Department of Wildlife and National Parks Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (F. Sitam, J. Japning, M. Basir); Texas Biomedical Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, USA (M.E. Harden, A. Griffiths); Metabiota, San Francisco, California, USA (N.D. Wolfe)

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Table 2

PCR results for macacine herpesvirus 1 in macaques, by sample type, Malaysia, 2009–2011*

Sex Oropharyngeal
Oropharyngeal and urogenital
No. No. (%; 95% CI) positive No. No. (%; 95% CI) positive No. No. (%; 95% CI) positive
M 220 58 (26.4; 20.5–32.2)† 220 56 (25.5; 19.7–31.2) 97 17 (17.5; 10.0–25.1)
F 169 27 (16.0; 10.5–21.5)† 169 41 (24.3; 17.8–30.7) 56 12 (21.4; 10.7–32.2)
1 (33.3; 0–86.7)


Total 392 86 (21.9; 17.8–26.0) 392 97 (24.7; 20.5–29.0) 29 (18.8) 29 (18.8; 12.7–25.0)

*For animals with positive results for both oropharyngeal and urogenital samples, percentages are of the total number of positive animals.
†Indicates a significant difference (p<0.05) between the 2 groups marked for oropharyngeal swabs.
‡3 macaques of unspecified sex were included in the results.

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Page created: June 12, 2015
Page updated: June 12, 2015
Page reviewed: June 12, 2015
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