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Volume 23, Number 5—May 2017

Dispatch

Survey of Treponemal Infections in Free-Ranging and Captive Macaques, 1999–2012

Amy R. Klegarth, Chigozie A. Ezeonwu, Aida Rompis, Benjamin P.Y.-H. Lee, Nantiya Aggimarangsee, Mukesh Chalise, John Cortes, M. Feeroz, Barbara J. Molini, Bess C. Godornes, Michael Marks, Michael Schillaci, Gregory Engel, Sascha Knauf, Sheila A. Lukehart, and Lisa Jones-EngelComments to Author 
Author affiliations: University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA (A.R. Klegarth, C.A. Ezeonwu, B.J. Molini, B.C. Godornes, S.A. Lukehart, L. Jones-Engel); Udayana University, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia (A. Rompis); University of Kent, Canterbury, UK (B.P.Y-H. Lee); Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand (N. Aggimarangsee); Tribhuvan University, Kirtipu, Nepal (M. Chalise); HM Government of Gibraltar, Gibraltar, Gibraltar (J. Cortes); Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh (M. Feeroz); London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK (M. Marks); University of Toronto Scarborough, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M. Schillaci); Samuel Simmonds Memorial Hospital, Barrow, Alaska, USA (G. Engel); German Primate Center, Gottingen, Germany (S. Knauf)

Main Article

Table 2

Treponemal infections in blood samples from free-ranging and pet macaques, by geographic location, 1999–2012*

Location
No. macaques positive/no. negative (% reactive)†
No. macaques tested/no. positive‡
Indonesia
Bali 2/155 (1.3) 2/0
Java 0/25 (0) NA
Sulawesi
8/109 (7.3)
8/6
Nepal
0/28 (0)
NA
Singapore
1/75 (1.3)
1/0
Bangladesh
0/137 (0)
NA
Thailand
0/22 (0)
NA
Cambodia
0/48 (0)
NA
Gibraltar
0/124 (0)
NA
Total 11/734 (1.5) 11/0

*NA, indicates that samples in the region were not tested.
†Determined by using the Macro-Vue RPR (rapid plasma reagin) test (BD, Franklin Lakes, NJ, USA).
‡Determined by using ESPLINE TP (Fujirebio Inc., Tokyo, Japan), a reagent for the detection of Treponema pallidum antibodies.

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