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Volume 23, Number 5—May 2017

Dispatch

Survey of Treponemal Infections in Free-Ranging and Captive Macaques, 1999–2012

Amy R. Klegarth, Chigozie A. Ezeonwu, Aida Rompis, Benjamin P.Y.-H. Lee, Nantiya Aggimarangsee, Mukesh Chalise, John Cortes, M. Feeroz, Barbara J. Molini, Bess C. Godornes, Michael Marks, Michael Schillaci, Gregory Engel, Sascha Knauf, Sheila A. Lukehart, and Lisa Jones-EngelComments to Author 
Author affiliations: University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA (A.R. Klegarth, C.A. Ezeonwu, B.J. Molini, B.C. Godornes, S.A. Lukehart, L. Jones-Engel); Udayana University, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia (A. Rompis); University of Kent, Canterbury, UK (B.P.Y-H. Lee); Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand (N. Aggimarangsee); Tribhuvan University, Kirtipu, Nepal (M. Chalise); HM Government of Gibraltar, Gibraltar, Gibraltar (J. Cortes); Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh (M. Feeroz); London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK (M. Marks); University of Toronto Scarborough, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (M. Schillaci); Samuel Simmonds Memorial Hospital, Barrow, Alaska, USA (G. Engel); German Primate Center, Gottingen, Germany (S. Knauf)

Main Article

Table 1

Number and species of free-ranging and captive macaques tested for treponemal infection, by location, 2000–2014*

Country, species Year(s) sampled Total no. sampled No. captive No. free-ranging
Nepal 2003
Macaca mulatta

28
0
28
Bangladesh 2008–2012
M. mulatta

137
14
123
Thailand 2003
M. arctoides 2 2 0
M. assamensis 5 5 0
M. fascicularis 2 2 0
M. mulatta 9 9 0
M. nemestrina

4
4
0
Cambodia 2011
M. fascicularis 39 0 39
M. leonina 5 0 5
M. nemestrina 1 0 1
M. spp. (hybrid)

3
0
3
Singapore 2003, 2005–2006, 2009
M. fascicularis

76
0
76
Gibraltar 2004, 2009, 2013–2014
M. sylvanus

124
0
124
Indonesia
Bali 2000–2003
M. fascicularis 157 0 157
Java 2002
M. fascicularis 25 25 0
Sulawesi 2000–2002
M. balantak 5 5 0
M. fascicularis 5 5 0
M. hecki 7 7 0
M. maura 9 9 0
M. nemestrina 2 2 0
M. nigra 22 14 8
M. nigrescens 11 11 0
M. ochreata 1 1 0
M. tonkeana 40 40 0
Macaca spp. (hybrid)

15
15
0
Total 2003–2014 734 170 564

*The 734 tested macaques represented 13 species. Captive category included pets, macaques used in performances, and macaques in zoos; free-ranging included wild macaques, urban macaques, and those at temples, shrines, and reserve parks.

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