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Volume 27, Number 1—January 2021
Dispatch

Coronavirus Disease among Workers in Food Processing, Food Manufacturing, and Agriculture Workplaces

Michelle A. WaltenburgComments to Author , Charles E. Rose, Tristan Victoroff, Marilee Butterfield, Jennifer A. Dillaha, Amy Heinzerling, Meagan Chuey, Maria Fierro, Rachel H. Jervis, Kristen M. Fedak, Andrea Leapley, Julie A. Gabel, Amanda Feldpausch, Eileen M. Dunne, Connie Austin, Caitlin S. Pedati, Farah S. Ahmed, Sheri Tubach, Charles Rhea, Julius Tonzel, Anna Krueger, David A. Crum, Johanna Vostok, Michael J. Moore, Hannah Kempher, Joni Scheftel, George Turabelidze, Derry Stover, Matthew Donahue, Deepam Thomas, Karen Edge, Bernadette Gutierrez, Erica Berl, Meagan McLafferty, Kelly E. Kline, Nichole Martz, James C. Rajotte, Ernest Julian, Abdoulaye Diedhiou, Rachel Radcliffe, Joshua L. Clayton, Dustin Ortbahn, Jason Cummins, Bree Barbeau, Stacy Carpenter, Julia C. Pringle, Julia Murphy, Brandy Darby, Nicholas R. Graff, Tia K.H. Dostal, Ian W. Pray, Courtney Tillman, Dale A. Rose, Margaret A. Honein, and CDC COVID-19 Emergency Response Team
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (M.A. Waltenburg, C.E. Rose, T. Victoroff, M. Chuey, E.M. Dunne, M. Donahue, J.C. Pringle, I.W. Pray, D.A. Rose, M.A. Honein); Arizona Department of Health Services, Phoenix, Arizona, USA (M. Butterfield); Arkansas Department of Health, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA (J.A. Dillaha); California Department of Public Health, Richmond, California, USA (A. Heinzerling); County of San Diego Health and Human Services Agency, San Diego, California, USA (M. Chuey); Imperial County Public Health Department, El Centro, California, USA (M. Fierro); Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, Denver, Colorado, USA (R.H. Jervis, K.M. Fedak); Florida Department of Health, Tallahassee, Florida, USA (A. Leapley); Georgia Department of Public Health, Atlanta (J.A. Gabel, A. Feldpausch); Idaho Department of Health and Welfare, Boise, Idaho, USA (E.M. Dunne); Illinois Department of Public Health, Springfield, Illinois, USA (C. Austin); Iowa Department of Public Health, Des Moines, Iowa, USA (C.S. Pedati); Kansas Department of Health and Environment, Topeka, Kansas, USA (F.S. Ahmed, S. Tubach); Kentucky Department for Public Health, Frankfort, Kentucky, USA (C. Rhea); Louisiana Department of Health, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA (J. Tonzel); Maine Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Augusta, Maine, USA (A. Krueger); Maryland Department of Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA (D.A. Crum); Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA (J. Vostok, M.J. Moore); Minnesota Department of Health, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA (H. Kempher, J. Scheftel); Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, Jefferson City, Missouri, USA (G. Turabelidze); Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA (D. Stover, M. Donahue); New Jersey Department of Health, Trenton, New Jersey, USA (D. Thomas); New Mexico Department of Health, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA (K. Edge, B. Gutierrez); North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA (E. Berl); Oregon Health Authority, Portland, Oregon, USA (M. McLafferty); Pennsylvania Department of Health, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, USA (K.E. Kline); Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture, Harrisburg (N. Martz); Rhode Island Department of Health, Providence, Rhode Island, USA (J.C. Rajotte, E. Julian); South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, Columbia, South Carolina, USA (A. Diedhiou, R. Radcliffe); South Dakota Department of Health, Pierre, South Dakota, USA (J.L. Clayton, D. Ortbahn); Tennessee Department of Health, Nashville, Tennessee, USA (J. Cummins); Utah Department of Health, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA (B. Barbeau); Vermont Department of Public Health, Burlington, Vermont, USA (S. Carpenter, J.C. Pringle); Virginia Department of Health, Richmond, Virginia, USA (J. Murphy, B. Darby); Washington State Department of Health, Shoreline, Washington, USA (N.R. Graff, T.K.H. Dostal); Wisconsin Department of Health Services, Madison, Wisconsin, USA (I.W. Pray); Wyoming Department of Health, Cheyenne, Wyoming, USA (C. Tillman)

Main Article

Table 2

Laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 among workers in meat and poultry processing facilities in 31 US states, March 1–May 31, 2020*

State† Type of meat or poultry No. workplaces affected No. workers in affected workplaces Confirmed COVID-19 cases among workers, no. (%) COVID-19–related deaths, no. (%)‡
Arizona
Beef
1
1,750
162 (9.3)
0
Arkansas
Poultry
49
NA
779 (–)
10 (1.3)
California§
Beef, lamb, pork, poultry, other
11
NA
466 (–)
2 (0.4)
Colorado
Beef, bison, lamb, poultry
7
7,711
422 (5.5)
9 (2.1)
Georgia
Poultry
14
16,500
509 (3.1)
1 (0.2)
Idaho
Beef
2
797
72 (9.0)
0
Illinois
Beef, pork, poultry
26
NA
1,029 (–)
10 (1.0)
Iowa
Beef, pork, poultry
26
22,170
6,131 (27.7)
19 (0.3)
Kansas
Beef, pork, poultry
10
NA
2,670 (–)
8 (0.3)
Kentucky
Pork, poultry
7
7,633
559 (7.3)
4 (0.7)
Louisiana
Poultry
2
1,430
51 (3.6)
0
Maine
Poultry
1
411
50 (12.2)
1 (2.0)
Maryland
Poultry
2
2,036
208 (10.2)
5 (2.4)
Massachusetts
Poultry, other
33
NA
263 (–)
0
Minnesota
Beef, pork, poultry, other
19
15,025
2,120 (14.1)
2 (0.1)
Missouri
Beef, pork, poultry
9
8,469
745 (8.8)
2 (0.3)
Nebraska
Beef, pork, poultry
23
26,134
3,438 (13.2)
14 (0.4)
New Jersey
Beef
1
500
33 (6.6)
0
New Mexico
Beef, pork, poultry
2
550
24 (4.4)
0
North Carolina¶
Pork, poultry
28
32,325
2,491 (7.7)
13 (0.5)
Oregon
Beef, pork, poultry, other
7
1,945
60 (3.1)
0
Pennsylvania
Beef, pork, poultry, other
30
15,548
1,169 (7.5)
8 (0.7)
Rhode Island
Beef, pork, poultry, other
6
NA
78 (–)
0
South Carolina
Beef, pork, poultry, other
16
NA
97 (–)
0
South Dakota
Beef, pork, poultry
4
6,500
1,593 (24.5)
3 (0.2)
Tennessee
Pork, poultry, other
7
NA
640 (–)
2 (0.3)
Utah
Beef, pork, poultry
4
NA
67 (–)
1 (1.5)
Virginia
Pork, poultry, other
14
NA
1,109 (–)
10 (0.9)
Washington
Beef, poultry
7
4,452
468 (10.5)
4 (0.9)
Wisconsin
Beef, pork, veal
14
14,125
860 (6.1)
4 (0.5)
Wyoming#
Beef
0
NA
1 (–)
0
Total Beef, bison, lamb, pork, poultry, veal, other 382 186,011** 28,364 132

*Preliminary data published in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (1); 8 additional states, Arkansas, California, Iowa, Louisiana, Minnesota, New Jersey, North Carolina, and Oregon, provided data that was not included in the prior assessment. COVID-19, coronavirus disease; NA, not available; –, percent not calculated due to missing data.
†Florida, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, and Vermont reported no cases of COVID-19 among workers in meat and poultry processing facilities.
‡Percentage of deaths among cases.
§Data from 7 California counties.
¶Reported cases are among workers and close contacts of workers.
#One worker with COVID-19 worked at a meat processing facility in another state.
**Among 20 of 31 states reporting the number of workers in affected workplaces, 11.4% of 186,011 workers received COVID-19 diagnoses.

Main Article

References
  1. Waltenburg  MA, Victoroff  T, Rose  CE, Butterfield  M, Jervis  RH, Fedak  KM, et al.; COVID-19 Response Team. COVID-19 Response Team. Update: COVID-19 among workers in meat and poultry processing facilities—United States, April–May 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020;69:88792. DOIPubMed
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Main Article

Page created: October 13, 2020
Page updated: December 21, 2020
Page reviewed: December 21, 2020
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
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