Comparison of COVID-19 Pandemic Waves in 10 Countries in Southern Africa, 2020–2021
, Bridget Miller, Alinune N. Kabaghe, Evelyn Kim, Nellie Wadonda-Kabondo, Alean Frawley, Sarah Labuda, Eusébio Manuel, Helga Frietas, Anne C. Mwale, Tebogo Segolodi, Pauline Harvey, Onalenna Seitio-Kgokgwe, Alfredo E. Vergara, Eduardo S. Gudo, Eric J. Dziuban, Naemi Shoopala, Jonas Z. Hines, Simon Agolory, Muzala Kapina, Nyambe Sinyange, Michael Melchior, Kelsey Mirkovic, Agnes Mahomva, Surbhi Modhi, Stephanie Salyer, Andrew S. Azman, Catherine McLean, Lul P. Riek, Fred Asiimwe, Michelle Adler, Sikhatele Mazibuko, Velephi Okello, and Andrew F. Auld
Author affiliations: Public Health Institute/US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Global Health Fellowship Program, Lilongwe, Malawi (J. Smith-Sreen, B. Miller); Malawi Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Lilongwe (A.N. Kabaghe, E. Kim, N. Wadonda-Kabondo, A.F. Auld); Angola Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Luanda, Angola (A. Frawley, S. Labuda); Angola Ministry of Health, Luanda (E. Manuel, H. Frietas); Public Health Institute of Malawi (PHIM), Lilongwe (A.C. Mwale); Botswana Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Gaborone, Botswana (T. Segolodi, P. Harvey); Botswana Ministry of Health and Wellness, Gaborone (O. Seitio-Kgokgwe); Mozambique Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Maputo, Mozambique (A.E. Vergara); Mozambique National Institute for Health, Maputo (A.E. Vergara, E.J. Gudo); Namibia Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Windhoek, Namibia (E.J. Dziuban); Namibia Ministry of Health and Social Services, Windhoek (N. Shoopala); Zambia; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Lusaka, Zambia (J.Z. Hines, S. Agolory); Zambia National Public Health Institute (ZNPHI), Lusaka (M. Kapina, N. Sinyange); Zimbabwe Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Harare, Zimbabwe (M. Melchior, K. Mirkovic); Zimbabwe Office of the President and Cabinet, Harare (A. Mahomva); US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (S. Modi, S.J. Salyer, C. McLean); Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (S.J. Salyer, L.P. Riek); Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA (A.S. Azman); Lesotho Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Maseru, Lesotho (F. Asiimwe); Eswatini Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Lobamba, Swaziland (M. Adler, S. Mazibuko); Eswatini Ministry of Health, Lobamba (V. Okello); The Global Fund, Geneva, Switzerland (A.F. Auld)
Figure 2. Reported 7-day average new COVID-19 cases (A) and deaths (B) per 1 million persons across pandemic waves in 10 countries in southern Africa, March 5, 2020–September 19, 2021. Colored lines indicate designated wave periods, dashed lines indicate periods between waves. We used differing y-axis scales in this figure to better visualize the wave patterns in each individual country. See Appendix Figure 2 for the same figure placed on corresponding y-axis scales to compare wave magnitudes across countries. Source: Our World in Data (https://www.ourworldindataorg), accessed 2021 Sep 20.
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