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Volume 4, Number 3—September 1998
THEME ISSUE
ICEID 1998
Populations at Risk

Nosocomial Infection Update

Robert A. Weinstein
Author affiliation: Cook County Hospital & Rush Medical College, Chicago, Illinois, USA

Main Article

Table 2

Sites of nosocomial infections (2,4)

Year Urinary tract (%) Surgical wound (%) Lower respiratory tract (%) Bloodstream
(%) Other (%)
1975 42 24 10 5 19
1990-6 34 17 13 14 21

Main Article

References
  1. Haley  RW, Culver  DH, White  J, Morgan  WM, Amber  TG, Mann  VP, The efficacy of infection surveillance and control programs in preventing nosocomial infections in US hospitals. Am J Epidemiol. 1985;121:182205.PubMed
  2. Haley  RW, Culver  DH, White  JW, Morgan  WM, Emori  TG. The nationwide nosocomial infection rate: a new need for vital statistics. Am J Epidemiol. 1985;121:15967.PubMed
  3. New York Times 1998 Mar 12; Sect. A12.
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hospital Infections Program. National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS) report, data summary from October 1986-April 1996, issued May 1996: A report from the NNIS System. Am J Infect Control. 1996;24:3808. DOIPubMed
  5. Slaughter  S, Hayden  MK, Nathan  C, Hu  TC, Rice  T, Van Voorhis  J, A comparison of the effect of universal use of gloves and gowns with that of glove use alone on acquisition of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in a medical intensive care unit. Ann Intern Med. 1996;125:44856.PubMed
  6. Bonten  MJM, Hayden  MK, Nathan  C, Van Voorhis  J, Matushek  M, Slaughter  S, Epidemiology of colonisation of patients and environment with vancomycin-resistant enterococci. Lancet. 1996;348:16159. DOIPubMed
  7. Hiramatsu  K, Aritaka  N, Hanaki  H, Kawasaki  S, Hosoda  Y, Hori  S, Dissemination in Japanese hospitals of strains of Staphylococcus aureus heterogeneously resistant to vancomycin. Lancet. 1997;350:16703. DOIPubMed
  8. Webster  RG. Influenza: an emerging disease. Emerg Infect Dis. 1998;4. DOIPubMed
  9. Fridkin  SK, Welbel  SF, Weinstein  RA. Magnitude and prevention of nosocomial infections in the intensive care unit. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 1997;11:47996. DOIPubMed
  10. Weinstein  RA. Epidemiology and control of nosocomial infections in adult intensive care units. Am J Med. 1991;91:17984. DOIPubMed
  11. Archibald  L, Phillips  L, Monnet  D, McGowan  JE, Tenover  F, Gaynes  R. Antimicrobial resistance in isolates from inpatients and outpatients in the United States: increasing importance of the intensive care unit. Clin Infect Dis. 1997;24:2115.PubMed
  12. Scheckler  WE, Brimhall  D, Buck  AS, Farr  BM, Friedman  C, Garibaldi  RA, Requirements for infrastructure and essential activities of infection control and epidemiology in hospitals: a consensus panel report. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1998;19:11424. DOIPubMed
  13. Goldmann  DA, Weinstein  RA, Wenzel  RP, Tablan  OC, Duma  RJ, Gaynes  RP, Strategies to prevent and control the emergence and spread of antimicrobial-resistant microorganisms in hospitals. A challenge to hospital leadership. JAMA. 1996;275:23440. DOIPubMed
  14. Tenover  FC, Arbeit  RD, Goering  RV. How to select and interpret molecular strain typing methods for epidemiological studies of bacterial infections: a review for healthcare epidemiologists. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1997;18:42639. DOIPubMed
  15. Weinstein  RA. SHEA consensus panel report: a smooth takeoff. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1998;19:913. DOIPubMed

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Page created: December 14, 2010
Page updated: December 14, 2010
Page reviewed: December 14, 2010
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
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