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Volume 7, Number 2—April 2001
4th Decennial International Conference on Nosocomial and Healthcare-Associated Infections

State of the Art

Engineering out the Risk of Infection with Urinary Catheters

Dennis G. Maki*Comments to Author  and Paul A. Tambyah†
Author affiliations: *University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, Wisconsin, USA; †National University of Singapore Medical School, Singapore

Main Article

Table 1

Microbial pathogens causing nosocomial catheter-associated urinary tract infections in U.S. acute-care hospitals, 1990-92 (15)

(% of total)
Intensive care units
(% of total)
Escherichia coli 26 18
Enterococci 16 13
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 12 11
Klebsiella and Enterobacter spp. 12 13
Candida spp. 9 25

Main Article