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Volume 8, Number 11—November 2002


Rifampin- and Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis in Russian Civilians and Prison Inmates: Dominance of the Beijing Strain Family

Francis Drobniewski*Comments to Author , Yanina Balabanova*, Michael Ruddy*, Laura Weldon*, Katya Jeltkova†, Timothy Brown*, Nadezdna Malomanova‡, Elvira Elizarova‡, Alexander Melentyey§, Ebgeny Mutovkin§, Svetlana Zhakharova‡, and Ivan Fedorin‡
Author affiliations: *Guy's King's and St Thomas' Medical School, King's College Hospital, London, United Kingdom; †Central Tuberculosis Research Institute, Moscow, Russian Federation; ‡Samara Oblast Dispensary, Samara City, Russian Federation; §Samara Prison TB Service, Samara City, Russian Federation;

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Table 2

Patient factors associated with rifampin- and isoniazid-resistant isolatesa

Factor Rifampin resistance (n=78) Isoniazid resistance (n=66)
Age p<0.05b p>0.05
Known prisoner RR 1.68,b CI 1.29 to 2.18 RR 1.36, CI 0.97 to 1.89
Known previous treatment RR 1.71,b CI 1.07 to 2.74 RR=2.04,b CI 1.01 to 4.10

aRR, risk ratio; CI, confidence interval.
bStatistically significant.

Main Article