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Volume 17, Number 9—September 2011

Risk-based Estimate of Effect of Foodborne Diseases on Public Health, Greece

Elissavet GkogkaComments to Author , Martine W. Reij, Arie H. Havelaar, Marcel H. Zwietering, and Leon G.M. Gorris
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands (E. Gkogka, M.W. Reij, M.H. Zwietering, L.G.M. Gorris); Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands (A.H. Havelaar); National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands (A.H. Havelaar); Unilever Research and Development, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China (L.G.M. Gorris)

Main Article

Table 4

Estimates of YLL, YLD, and DALY caused by foodborne illnesses in an average year in Greece per 1 million inhabitants, including plausible range attributable to uncertainty*

Estimated YLL (95% CrI)†
Estimated YLD (95% CrI)†
Estimated DALY (95% CrI)†
Botulism0.27 (0.021–0.67)0.0066 (0.00056–0.015)0.28 (0.021–0.69)
Brucellosis59 (21–121)434 (140–856)493 (174–943)
Campylobacteriosis1.2 (0.51–2.1)3.9 (1.5–7.5)5.14 (2.0–9.4)
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli0.016 (0.0012–0.039)0.039 (0.0031–0.091)0.054 (0.0043–0.13)
Leptospirosis0.81 (0.066–2.7)0.015 (0.0013–0.046)0.83 (0.067–2.7)
Listeriosis4.1 (0.45–9.7)4.1 (0.45–9.7)
Salmonellosis31 (8.7–55)10 (2.9–19)41 (12–72)
Shigellosis0.12 (0.060–0.34)4.1 (0.0021–0.12)0.16 (0.0081–0.46)
Typhoid and paratyphoid fever2.3 (0.21–5.4)0.17 (0.016–0.38)2.4 (0.23–5.7)
Food poisoning
0.36 (0.022–0.98)
1.3 (0.088–3.3)
1.6 (0.12–4.1)
Amebiasis0.079 (0.011–0.20)0.013 (0.0019–0.030)0.092 (0.013–0.22)
Cryptosporidiosis0.50 (0.20–0.88)0.20 (0.10–0.32)0.69 (0.35–1.2)
Echinococcosis16 (5.9–31)54 (22–106)70 (28–135)
Giardiasis0.12 (0.028–0.29)0.48 (0.18–0.99)0.61 (0.24–1.2)
Toxoplasmosis9.7 (7.0 −13)14 (10–17)23 (17–29)
Other helminthiases
0.92 0.19–1.8)
0.17 (0.029–0.38)
1.1 (0.23–2.1)
Viral: hepatitis A
1.1 (0.20–2.4)
0.089 (0.018–0.19)
1.2 (0.22–2.6)
Mixed/ill-defined causes
Intestinal infections caused by other
specified microorganism1.4 (0.12–3.6)5.2 (0.26–18.0)6.6 (0.45–21)
Ill-defined intestinal infections
1.2 (0.5–2.0)
243 (33–621)
245 (34–622)
Total of gastroenteritis§
43 (20–68)
265 (55–643)
308 (94–687)
Total130 (81–196)767 (361–1,308)896 (470–1,461)

*Values have been rounded to include significant digits and thus not all summations necessarily tally. Boldface indicates the top 5 contributors to each estimate category. YLL, years of life lost; YLD, years lived with disability; DALY, disability-adjusted life years; CrI, credible interval.
†95% CrI representative of the 2.5 and 97.5 percentiles.
‡DALY due to listeriosis are mainly determined by the YLL (23); therefore, no YLD were estimated.
§Gastroenteritis-related illnesses are considered to be all of the above except: botulism, brucellosis, leptospirosis, echinococcosis, hepatitis A, and toxoplasmosis.

Main Article

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Main Article

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