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Volume 17, Number 9—September 2011
Synopsis

Risk-based Estimate of Effect of Foodborne Diseases on Public Health, Greece

Elissavet GkogkaComments to Author , Martine W. Reij, Arie H. Havelaar, Marcel H. Zwietering, and Leon G.M. Gorris
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands (E. Gkogka, M.W. Reij, M.H. Zwietering, L.G.M. Gorris); Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands (A.H. Havelaar); National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands (A.H. Havelaar); Unilever Research and Development, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China (L.G.M. Gorris)

Main Article

Table 4

Estimates of YLL, YLD, and DALY caused by foodborne illnesses in an average year in Greece per 1 million inhabitants, including plausible range attributable to uncertainty*

Illnesses
Estimated YLL (95% CrI)†
Estimated YLD (95% CrI)†
Estimated DALY (95% CrI)†
Bacterial
Botulism0.27 (0.021–0.67)0.0066 (0.00056–0.015)0.28 (0.021–0.69)
Brucellosis59 (21–121)434 (140–856)493 (174–943)
Campylobacteriosis1.2 (0.51–2.1)3.9 (1.5–7.5)5.14 (2.0–9.4)
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli0.016 (0.0012–0.039)0.039 (0.0031–0.091)0.054 (0.0043–0.13)
Leptospirosis0.81 (0.066–2.7)0.015 (0.0013–0.046)0.83 (0.067–2.7)
Listeriosis4.1 (0.45–9.7)4.1 (0.45–9.7)
Salmonellosis31 (8.7–55)10 (2.9–19)41 (12–72)
Shigellosis0.12 (0.060–0.34)4.1 (0.0021–0.12)0.16 (0.0081–0.46)
Typhoid and paratyphoid fever2.3 (0.21–5.4)0.17 (0.016–0.38)2.4 (0.23–5.7)
Food poisoning
0.36 (0.022–0.98)
1.3 (0.088–3.3)
1.6 (0.12–4.1)
Parasitic
Amebiasis0.079 (0.011–0.20)0.013 (0.0019–0.030)0.092 (0.013–0.22)
Cryptosporidiosis0.50 (0.20–0.88)0.20 (0.10–0.32)0.69 (0.35–1.2)
Echinococcosis16 (5.9–31)54 (22–106)70 (28–135)
Giardiasis0.12 (0.028–0.29)0.48 (0.18–0.99)0.61 (0.24–1.2)
Toxoplasmosis9.7 (7.0 −13)14 (10–17)23 (17–29)
Other helminthiases
0.92 0.19–1.8)
0.17 (0.029–0.38)
1.1 (0.23–2.1)
Viral: hepatitis A
1.1 (0.20–2.4)
0.089 (0.018–0.19)
1.2 (0.22–2.6)
Mixed/ill-defined causes
Intestinal infections caused by other
specified microorganism1.4 (0.12–3.6)5.2 (0.26–18.0)6.6 (0.45–21)
Ill-defined intestinal infections
1.2 (0.5–2.0)
243 (33–621)
245 (34–622)
Total of gastroenteritis§
43 (20–68)
265 (55–643)
308 (94–687)
Total130 (81–196)767 (361–1,308)896 (470–1,461)

*Values have been rounded to include significant digits and thus not all summations necessarily tally. Boldface indicates the top 5 contributors to each estimate category. YLL, years of life lost; YLD, years lived with disability; DALY, disability-adjusted life years; CrI, credible interval.
†95% CrI representative of the 2.5 and 97.5 percentiles.
‡DALY due to listeriosis are mainly determined by the YLL (23); therefore, no YLD were estimated.
§Gastroenteritis-related illnesses are considered to be all of the above except: botulism, brucellosis, leptospirosis, echinococcosis, hepatitis A, and toxoplasmosis.

Main Article

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Main Article

Page created: September 08, 2011
Page updated: September 08, 2011
Page reviewed: September 08, 2011
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.
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