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Volume 18, Number 9—September 2012


Surveillance for Influenza Viruses in Poultry and Swine, West Africa, 2006–2008

Emmanuel Couacy-Hymann, Viviane A. Kouakou, Gilbert L. Aplogan, Felix Awoume, Casimir K. Kouakou, Lamidi Kakpo, Bridgett R. Sharp, Laura McClenaghan, Pamela McKenzie, Robert G. Webster, Richard J. Webby, and Mariette F. Ducatez1Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: Central Laboratory for Animal Diseases, Bingerville, Côte d’Ivoire (E. Couacy-Hymann, V.A. Kouakou, C.K. Kouakou); Laboratoire de Diagnostic Vétérinaire et de Sérosurveillance, Parakou, Benin (G.L. Aplogan, L. Kakpo); Laboratoire Vétérinaire de Lomé, Lomé, Togo (F. Awoume); and St Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, USA (B.R. Sharp, L. McClenaghan, P. McKenzie, R.G. Webster, R.J. Webby, M.F. Ducatez)

Main Article

Table 3

Prevalence of animal influenza, West Africa, 2009–2010

Year Country Animal* Specimens tested, no. Prevalence, % (95% CI†)
2009 Côte d’Ivoire Bird 3,895 0 (0–0.08)
Côte d’Ivoire Pig 62 0 (0–4.79)
Benin Bird 5,669 0 (0–0.06)
Benin Pig 1,112 0 (0–0.28)
Togo Bird 204 0 (0–1.48)
2010 Côte d’Ivoire Bird 8,598 0 (0– 0.04)
Côte d’Ivoire Pig 436 0 (0–0.7)
Benin Bird 3,720 0 (0–0.09)
Togo Bird 2,250 0 (0–0.14)

*Backyard and live-bird market poultry.
†95% CIs were calculated with a sensitivity of 99% and a specificity of 100% for the reverse transcription PCR.

Main Article

1Current affiliation: Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique,Toulouse, France.