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Volume 22, Number 3—March 2016

Synopsis

Avian Influenza A(H5N1) Virus in Egypt

Ghazi KayaliComments to Author , Ahmed Kandeil, Rabeh El-Shesheny, Ahmed S. Kayed, Asmaa M. Maatouq, Zhipeng Cai, Pamela McKenzie, Richard J. Webby, Samir El Refaey, Amr Kandeel, and Mohamed A. Ali
Author affiliations: St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, USA (G. Kayali, P.P. McKenzie, R.J. Webby); National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt (A. Kandeil, R. El-Shesheny, A.S. Kayed, A.M. Maatouq, M.A. Ali); Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (Z. Cai); Ministry of Health and Population, Cairo, Egypt (S. El Refaey, A. Kandeel)

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Table 2

H5 commercial inactivated oil-emulsion vaccines used for immunization of poultry against avian influenza A(H5N1) virus, Egypt, 2006

Vaccine trade name
Virus used
Lineage
Sequence similarity, %
Manufacturer, city, country
AI-VAC H5 A/chicken/Italy/22A/1998(H5N9) Classical 90.7 FATRO, Ozzano dell'Emilia, Italy
CEVAC FLUKEM A/chicken/Mexico/232/1994(H5N2) Classical 84 Ceva, Mexico City, Mexico
VOLVAC IV KV A/chicken/Mexico/232/1994(H5N2) Classical 84 Boehringer Ingelheim, Ingelheim am Rhein, Germany
AIV Vaccine A/turkey/Engl and /N28/1973(H5N2) Classical 91.4 Yebio, Qingdao, China
AIV Vaccine A/turkey/Minnesota/3689–1551/1981(H5N2) Classical 89.8 Lohmann, Waterville, Maine, United States
Nobilis Influenza H5N2 A/duck/Potsdam/1402/1986(H5N2) Classical 91.6 Merck, Kenilworth, New Jersey, United States
Optimune AIV A/turkey/Wisconsin/1968(H5N9) Classical 88.3 Ceva Biomune, Mexico City, Mexico
Avian Influenza H5 A/chicken/Mexico/232/1994(H5N2) Classical 84 Avimex Animal Health Mexico City, Mexico
VOLVAC IV +ND KV A/chicken/Mexico/232/94(H5N2) and Lasot and V Classical 84 Boehringer Ingelheim, Ingelheim am Rhein, Germany
CEVAC NEW FLU-KEM A/chicken/Mexico/232/94(H5N2) and Lasot and V Classical 84 Ceva, Mexico City, Mexico
ITA FLU A/chicken/Mexico/232/1994(H5N2) Classical 84 Laprovet, Notre-Dame-d’Oé, France
Reassortant AIV (subtype H5N1) Vaccine (strain Re-1) RGA/goose/Guangdong/1996(H5N1)(Re-1) Clade 0 93.8 Zhaoqing DaHuaNong Biology Medicine, Sihui, China
Reassortant AIV (Subtype H5N1) Vaccine (srain Re-1) RGA/goose/Guangdong/1996(H5N1)(Re-1) Clade 0 93.8 Yebio, Qingdao, China
PoulvacFluFend H5N3 RG RGA/chicken/VN/C58/2004(H5N3) Clade 1 95.1 Fort Dodge Animal Health, Fort Dodge, Iowa, USA
MEFLUVAC RGA/chicken/Egypt/Q1995D/2010(H5N1) and RGA/chicken/Egypt/M2583D/2010(H5N1) Clade 2.2 93.8 and 99.6 ME-VAC, Cairo, Egypt
SER-VACC FLU RGA/chicken/Egypt/M2583D/2010(H5N1) Clade 2.2 99.6 Veterinary Serum and Vaccine Institute, Cairo, Egypt
ME FLUVAC H5+H9 RGA/chicken/Egypt/Q1995D/2010(H5N1)
and A/chicken/Egypt/114940v/NLQP/2011(H9N2) Clade 2.2 93.8 ME-VAC, Cairo, Egypt
ME FLUVAC One RGA/duck/Egypt/M2583D/2010(H5N1) Clade 2.2 99.6 ME-VAC, Cairo, Egypt
ME FLUVACH5+ ND RGA/chicken/Egypt/Q1995D/2010(H5N1) and NDV/chicken/Egypt/11478AF/2011(ND) Clade 2.2 93.8 ME-VAC, Cairo, Egypt
ME FLUVAC Super H5 +H9+ ND RGA/chicken/Egypt/Q1995D/2010(H5N1), RGA/duck/Egypt/M2583D/2010(H5N1), A/chicken/Egypt/114940v/NLQP/2011(H9N2), and NDV/chicken/Egypt/11478AF/2011(ND) Clade 2.2 93.8 and 99.6 ME-VAC, Cairo, Egypt
Egy FLU RGA/chicken/Egypt/18-H/2009(H5N1) Clade 2.2 94.9 Harbin Veterinary Research Institute, Harbin, China
Inactivated Reassortant Avian Influenza Virus Vaccine (H5N1 Subtype, Re-6 Strain) RGA/duck/Guangdong/S1322/2006(H5N1)(Re-6) Clade 2.3.2 Not performed Yebio, Qingdao, China
Reassortant AIV (Subtype H5N1) Vaccine (Strain Re-5) RGA/duck/Anhui/1/2006(H5N1)(Re-5) Clade 2.3.4 94.9 Merial, Duluth, Georgia, United States
Reassortant AIV (Subtype H5N1) Vaccine (Strain Re-5) RGA/duck/Anhui/1/2006(H5N1)(Re-5) Clade 2.3.4 94.9 QYH, Beijing, China

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