Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Volume 22, Number 3—March 2016

Synopsis

Avian Influenza A(H5N1) Virus in Egypt

Ghazi KayaliComments to Author , Ahmed Kandeil, Rabeh El-Shesheny, Ahmed S. Kayed, Asmaa M. Maatouq, Zhipeng Cai, Pamela McKenzie, Richard J. Webby, Samir El Refaey, Amr Kandeel, and Mohamed A. Ali
Author affiliations: St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, USA (G. Kayali, P.P. McKenzie, R.J. Webby); National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt (A. Kandeil, R. El-Shesheny, A.S. Kayed, A.M. Maatouq, M.A. Ali); Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (Z. Cai); Ministry of Health and Population, Cairo, Egypt (S. El Refaey, A. Kandeel)

Main Article

Table 1

Epizootiologic data on avian influenza viruses (all types), Egypt, February 2013–December 2014*

Variable
Collected samples, no. (%)†
Influenza A–positive samples, no. (%)‡
p value§
Sample type
Cloacal 4,858 (61.4) 112 (2.3) <0.01
Oropharyngeal
3,049 (38.6)
234 (7.7)

Governorate
Cairo 1,116 (14.1) 9 (0.8) <0.01
Daqhaliya 2,031 (25.7) 136 (6.7)
Qalubiya 809 (10.2) 22 (2.7)
Menofiya 13 (0.2) 0
Sharqiya 2,160 (27.3) 123 (5.7)
Fayyoum 1,642 (20.8) 48 (2.9)
BeniSuef 30 (0.4) 4 (13.3)
Asiut 69 (0.9) 4 (5.9)
El Minya
38 (0.5)
0 (0)

Species
Chickens 6,863 (86.8) 322 (4.7) 0.01
Ducks 606 (7.7) 15 (2.5)
Geese 58 (0.7) 0
Pigeons 243 (3.1) 2 (0.8)
Turkey 57 (0.7) 1 (1.8)
Quail
80 (1.0)
6 (7.5)

Location
Abattoir 150 (1.9) 0 0.01
Commercial farm 4,359 (55.1) 200 (4.6)
Backyard flock 1,678 (21.2) 61 (3.6)
Live bird market
1,720 (21.8)
85 (4.6)

Bird health status
Healthy 5,799 (73.3) 238 (4.1) NS
Ill 1,629 (20.6) 86 (5.3)
Dead
479 (6.1)
22 (4.6)

Age group, y
0–1 7,819 (98.9) 342 (4.4) NS
>1 88 (1.1) 4 (4.5)

*NS, not significant.
†Percentage of total samples collected.
‡Of samples in category.
§By χ2 test comparing positivity rates across variable categories.

Main Article

TOP