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Volume 23, Number 7—July 2017

Case−Control Study of Risk Factors for Meningococcal Disease in Chile

Andrea OleaComments to Author , Isabel Matute, Claudia González, Iris Delgado, Lucy Poffald, Elena Pedroni, Tania Alfaro, Macarena Hirmas, Manuel Nájera, Ana Gormaz, Darío López, Sergio Loayza, Catterina Ferreccio, Doris Gallegos, Rodrigo Fuentes, Pablo Vial, and Ximena Aguilera
Author affiliations: Universidad del Desarrollo, Santiago, Chile (A. Olea, I. Matute, C. González, I. Delgado, L. Poffald, M. Hirmas, M. Nájera, A. Gormaz, R. Fuentes, P. Vial, X. Aguilera); Universidad Isalud, Buenos Aires, Argentina (E. Pedroni); Universidad de Chile, Santiago (T. Alfaro); Chilean Ministry of Health, Santiago (D. López, S. Loayza, D. Gallegos); Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago (C. Ferreccio)

Main Article

Table 4

Multivariate model of risk factors for development of meningococcal disease in persons >5 years of age for all Neisseria meningitidis serogroups, Chile, January 2012−March 2013*

Risk factor
p value
OR (95% CI)
Overcrowding 1.61 0.50 0.001 5.01 (1.87–13.45)
Lived in crowded places 1.51 0.66 0.022 4.54 (1.24–16.67)
Used corticoids 1.46 0.57 0.011 4.29 (1.39–13.21)
Person 14 y of age consuming >4 alcoholic drinks 1.30 0.41 0.001 3.68 (1.66–8.19)
Nonrespiratory chronic disease 1.20 0.36 0.001 3.32 (1.64–6.73)
Hospitalization for asthma or acute lower RTI 1.08 0.49 0.028 2.94 (1.12–7.71)
*OR, odds ratio; RTI, respiratory tract infection; R2 = 19%.

Main Article

Page created: June 19, 2017
Page updated: June 19, 2017
Page reviewed: June 19, 2017
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