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Volume 23, Number 9—September 2017

Risk for Low Pathogenicity Avian Influenza Virus on Poultry Farms, the Netherlands, 2007–2013

Ruth Bouwstra12, Jose L. Gonzales2, Sjaak de Wit, Julia Stahl, Ron A.M. Fouchier, and Armin R.W. Elbers2Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: Wageningen Bioveterinary Research, Lelystad, the Netherlands (R. Bouwstra, J.L. Gonzales, A.R.W. Elbers); GD Animal Health, Deventer, the Netherlands (S. de Wit); Sovon Dutch Center for Field Ornithology, Nijmegen, the Netherlands (J. Stahl); Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands (R.A.M. Fouchier)

Main Article

Table 3

Yearly relative risk for introduction of low pathogenicity avian influenza virus in indoor-layer farms, the Netherlands

Year Relative risk (95% CI)
2007 1 (reference)
2008 0.65 (0.48–1.04)
2009 0.63 (0.28–0.84)
2010 0.41 (0.28–0.68)
2011 0.56 (0.44–0.70)
2012 0.5 (0.30–0.83)
2013 0.15 (0.04–0.27)

Main Article

1Current affiliation: GD Animal Health, Deventer, the Netherlands.

2These authors contributed equally to this article.

Page created: August 22, 2017
Page updated: August 22, 2017
Page reviewed: August 22, 2017
The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.