Trends of Human Plague, Madagascar, 1998–2016
, Patrice Piola12
, David M. Wagner, Fanjasoa Rakotomanana, Viviane Maheriniaina, Samuel Andrianalimanana, Suzanne Chanteau3
, Lila Rahalison4
, Maherisoa Ratsitorahina, and Minoarisoa Rajerison
Author affiliations: Institut Pasteur, Antananarivo, Madagascar (V. Andrianaivoarimanana, P. Piola, F. Rakotomanana, S. Chanteau, L. Rahalison, M. Rajerison); Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA (D.M. Wagner); Ministry of Public Health, Antananarivo (V. Maheriniaina, S. Andrianalimanana, M. Ratsitorahina)
Figure 3. Yearly (A) and monthly (B) distributions of bubonic and pneumonic plague and their CFR, Madagascar, 1998–2016. CFR, case-fatality rate.
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