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Volume 20, Number 12—December 2014

Novel Amdoparvovirus Infecting Farmed Raccoon Dogs and Arctic Foxes

Xi-Qun ShaoComments to Author , Yong-Jun Wen, Heng-Xing Ba, Xiu-Ting Zhang, Zhi-Gang Yue, Ke-Jian Wang, Chun-Yi Li, Jianming Qiu, and Fu-He YangComments to Author 
Author affiliations: State Key Laboratory for Molecular Biology of Special Economical Animals, Institute of Special Animal and Plant Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Changchun, China (X.Q. Shao, Y.J. Wen, H.X. Ba, X.T. Zhang, Z.G. Yue, C.Y. Li, F.H. Yang); State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China (K.J. Wang); University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, USA (J Qiu)

Main Article

Table 2

Detection of raccoon dog and fox amdoparvovirus in sick and healthy animals using PCR, CIEP and IAT, China*

Animal, health status Age, mo. Year Farm† No. Rate
Raccoon dog
Diseased 3-7 Total 10 8/10 8/8 2/2 6/8
2012 A 6 4/6 6/6 ND 4/6
2012 B 2 2/2 ND ND NA
2013 C 2 2/2 2/2 2/2 2/2
7, 19 Total 18, 1 18/19 18/18 18/18 17/18
2013 D 12, 1 12/13 13/13 13/13 12/13
2012 A 5 5/5 5/5 5/5 5/5
2012 E 1 1/1 ND ND NA
Healthy§ 3 2013 Total 10 0/10 0/10 ND 0/10

Arctic fox
Diseased 3 Total 10 4/10 ND ND NA
2012 B 7 3/7 ND ND NA
2012 F 3 1/3 ND ND NA
7–9 2012 C 2 2/2 2/2 ND 2/2
Healthy 7 2012 Total 5 0/5 0/5 0/5 0/5

*CIEP, counter-immunoelectrophoresis; IAT, serum iodine agglutination test; NA, samples not available; ND, assays not done; +, positive.
†Farm: A, Heishan County; B, Qian’an County; C, Jilin County; D, Panjin County; E, Haicheng County; F, Nong’an County. Qian’an, Jilin, and Nong’an are located in Jilin province; Heishan, Panjin and Haicheng are located in Liaoning province.
‡For raccoon dogs, PCR+ for all the tested tissues (blood, spleen, kidney and mesenteric lymphonodus). For arctic foxes, PCR+ results only for 1 of the tested tissues (blood, kidney, or intestinal mucosae).
§Blood and spleen samples were tested separately by PCR from healthy animals except for the blood samples from the 3-month-old healthy raccoon dogs.

Main Article

Page created: November 19, 2014
Page updated: November 19, 2014
Page reviewed: November 19, 2014
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