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Volume 22, Number 12—December 2016

Assessing the Epidemic Potential of RNA and DNA Viruses

Mark E.J. WoolhouseComments to Author , Liam Brierley, Chris McCaffery, and Sam Lycett
Author affiliations: University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK

Main Article

Table 2

Viruses (n = 37) that are known or suspected of being transmissible (directly or indirectly) between humans but to date have been restricted to short transmission chains or self-limiting outbreaks*

Genome, virus family Virus name
Single-stranded RNA (ambisense)
Arenaviruses Guanarito, Junin, Lassa, Lujo, Machupo, Sabia, Dandenong,* 
lymphocytic choriomeningitis*
Andes, Bwamba, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, Oropouche, Rift Valley, 
severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome
Single-stranded RNA (positive sense)
Flaviviruses Japanese encephalitis,* Usutu,* West Nile*
Coronaviruses Middle East respiratory syndrome
Barmah Forest, o’nyong-nyong, Ross River, Semliki Forest, 
Venezuelan equine encephalitis
Single-stranded RNA (negative sense)
Filoviruses Bundibugyo Ebola, Lake Victoria Marburg, Sudan Ebola
Paramyxoviruses Nipah
Bas-Congo, rabies*
Double-stranded RNA
Nelson Bay, Colorado tick fever*
Double-stranded DNA
Adenoviruses Titi monkey
Herpesviruses Macacine herpesvirus 1
Polyomaviruses Simian virus 40
Poxviruses Monkeypox, Orf, vaccinia

*Human transmission of these viruses is known only by iatrogenic or vertical routes.

Main Article

Page created: November 17, 2016
Page updated: November 17, 2016
Page reviewed: November 17, 2016
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