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Letters

Volume 23—2017

Volume 23, Number 5—May 2017

Volume 23, Number 4—April 2017

image of the 'Thumbnail' version of the Volume 23, Number 4—April 2017 cover of the CDC's EID journal
Cord Blood Sample Screening for Evidence of Maternal Chagas Disease PDF Version [PDF - 274 KB - 2 pages]
S. P. Montgomery and S. L. Stramer
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EID Montgomery SP, Stramer SL. Cord Blood Sample Screening for Evidence of Maternal Chagas Disease. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(4):722-723. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2304.161287
AMA Montgomery SP, Stramer SL. Cord Blood Sample Screening for Evidence of Maternal Chagas Disease. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(4):722-723. doi:10.3201/eid2304.161287.
APA Montgomery, S. P., & Stramer, S. L. (2017). Cord Blood Sample Screening for Evidence of Maternal Chagas Disease. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(4), 722-723. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2304.161287.
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Volume 23, Number 2—February 2017

image of the 'Thumbnail' version of the Volume 23, Number 2—February 2017 cover of the CDC's EID journal
Cerebrospinal Fluid Findings in an Adult with Human Metapneumovirus–Associated Encephalitis PDF Version [PDF - 253 KB - 1 page]
N. Jeannet et al.
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EID Jeannet N, van den Hoogen BG, Schefold JC, Suter-Riniker F, Sommerstein R. Cerebrospinal Fluid Findings in an Adult with Human Metapneumovirus–Associated Encephalitis. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(2):370. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2302.161337
AMA Jeannet N, van den Hoogen BG, Schefold JC, et al. Cerebrospinal Fluid Findings in an Adult with Human Metapneumovirus–Associated Encephalitis. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(2):370. doi:10.3201/eid2302.161337.
APA Jeannet, N., van den Hoogen, B. G., Schefold, J. C., Suter-Riniker, F., & Sommerstein, R. (2017). Cerebrospinal Fluid Findings in an Adult with Human Metapneumovirus–Associated Encephalitis. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(2), 370. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2302.161337.
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Cutavirus in Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma PDF Version [PDF - 376 KB - 3 pages]
S. Mollerup et al.
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A novel human protoparvovirus related to human bufavirus and preliminarily named cutavirus has been discovered. We detected cutavirus in a sample of cutaneous malignant melanoma by using viral enrichment and high-throughput sequencing. The role of cutaviruses in cutaneous cancers remains to be investigated.

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EID Mollerup S, Fridholm H, Vinner L, Kjartansdóttir K, Friis-Nielsen J, Asplund M, et al. Cutavirus in Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(2):363-365. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2302.161564
AMA Mollerup S, Fridholm H, Vinner L, et al. Cutavirus in Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(2):363-365. doi:10.3201/eid2302.161564.
APA Mollerup, S., Fridholm, H., Vinner, L., Kjartansdóttir, K., Friis-Nielsen, J., Asplund, M....Nielsen, L. P. (2017). Cutavirus in Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(2), 363-365. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2302.161564.
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Volume 23, Number 1—January 2017

image of the 'Thumbnail' version of the Volume 23, Number 1—January 2017 cover of the CDC's EID journal
Multidrug-Resistant Pathogens in Hospitalized Syrian Children PDF Version [PDF - 1.34 MB - 3 pages]
D. Kassem et al.
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Since 2013, wounded and ill children from Syria have received treatment in Israel. Screening cultures indicated that multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens colonized 89 (83%) of 107 children. For 58% of MDR infections, the pathogen was similar to that identified during screening. MDR screening of these children is valuable for purposes of isolation and treatment.

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EID Kassem D, Hoffmann Y, Shahar N, Ocampo S, Salomon L, Zonis Z, et al. Multidrug-Resistant Pathogens in Hospitalized Syrian Children. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(1):166-168. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.161204
AMA Kassem D, Hoffmann Y, Shahar N, et al. Multidrug-Resistant Pathogens in Hospitalized Syrian Children. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(1):166-168. doi:10.3201/eid2301.161204.
APA Kassem, D., Hoffmann, Y., Shahar, N., Ocampo, S., Salomon, L., Zonis, Z....Glikman, D. (2017). Multidrug-Resistant Pathogens in Hospitalized Syrian Children. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(1), 166-168. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.161204.
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Puumala Virus in Bank Voles, Lithuania PDF Version [PDF - 415 KB - 3 pages]
P. Straková et al.
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Little is known about the presence of human pathogenic Puumala virus (PUUV) in Lithuania. We detected this virus in bank voles (Myodes glareolus) in a region of this country in which previously PUUV-seropositive humans were identified. Our results are consistent with heterogeneous distributions of PUUV in other countries in Europe.

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EID Straková P, Jagdmann S, Balčiauskas L, Balčiauskienė L, Drewes S, Ulrich RG, et al. Puumala Virus in Bank Voles, Lithuania. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(1):158-160. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.161400
AMA Straková P, Jagdmann S, Balčiauskas L, et al. Puumala Virus in Bank Voles, Lithuania. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(1):158-160. doi:10.3201/eid2301.161400.
APA Straková, P., Jagdmann, S., Balčiauskas, L., Balčiauskienė, L., Drewes, S., & Ulrich, R. G. (2017). Puumala Virus in Bank Voles, Lithuania. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(1), 158-160. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.161400.
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Loiasis in US Traveler Returning from Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, 2016 PDF Version [PDF - 507 KB - 3 pages]
D. H. Priest and T. B. Nutman
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The filarial parasite Loa loa overlaps geographically with Onchocera volvulus and Wuchereria bancrofti filariae in central Africa. Accurate information regarding this overlap is critical to elimination programs targeting O. volvulus and W. bancrofti. We describe a case of loiasis in a traveler returning from Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, a location heretofore unknown for L. loa transmission.

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EID Priest DH, Nutman TB. Loiasis in US Traveler Returning from Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, 2016. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(1):160-162. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.161427
AMA Priest DH, Nutman TB. Loiasis in US Traveler Returning from Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, 2016. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(1):160-162. doi:10.3201/eid2301.161427.
APA Priest, D. H., & Nutman, T. B. (2017). Loiasis in US Traveler Returning from Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, 2016. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(1), 160-162. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.161427.
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Human Tick-Borne Encephalitis, the Netherlands PDF Version [PDF - 756 KB - 1 page]
V. Hira and B. Rockx
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EID Hira V, Rockx B. Human Tick-Borne Encephalitis, the Netherlands. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(1):169. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.161405
AMA Hira V, Rockx B. Human Tick-Borne Encephalitis, the Netherlands. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(1):169. doi:10.3201/eid2301.161405.
APA Hira, V., & Rockx, B. (2017). Human Tick-Borne Encephalitis, the Netherlands. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(1), 169. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.161405.
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Zika Virus Knowledge among Pregnant Women Who Were in Areas with Active Transmission PDF Version [PDF - 279 KB - 3 pages]
K. Whittemore et al.
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We surveyed women in New York, New York, USA, who were in areas with active Zika virus transmission while pregnant. Of 99 women who were US residents, 30 were unaware of the government travel advisory to areas with active Zika virus transmission while pregnant, and 37 were unaware of their pregnancies during travel.

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EID Whittemore K, Tate A, Illescas A, Saffa A, Collins A, Varma JK, et al. Zika Virus Knowledge among Pregnant Women Who Were in Areas with Active Transmission. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(1):164-166. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.161614
AMA Whittemore K, Tate A, Illescas A, et al. Zika Virus Knowledge among Pregnant Women Who Were in Areas with Active Transmission. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(1):164-166. doi:10.3201/eid2301.161614.
APA Whittemore, K., Tate, A., Illescas, A., Saffa, A., Collins, A., Varma, J. K....Vora, N. M. (2017). Zika Virus Knowledge among Pregnant Women Who Were in Areas with Active Transmission. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(1), 164-166. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.161614.
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Dolphin Morbillivirus Associated with a Mass Stranding of Sperm Whales, Italy PDF Version [PDF - 893 KB - 3 pages]
S. Mazzariol et al.
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In September 2014, seven sperm whales were stranded along Italy’s Adriatic coastline. Postmortem investigations on 3 female adult whales and 1 male fetus carried by the largest female revealed molecular and immunohistochemical evidence of dolphin morbillivirus infection. A possible role of the virus in the stranding event was considered.

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EID Mazzariol S, Centelleghe C, Di Provvido A, Di Renzo L, Cardeti G, Cersini A, et al. Dolphin Morbillivirus Associated with a Mass Stranding of Sperm Whales, Italy. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(1):144-146. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.160239
AMA Mazzariol S, Centelleghe C, Di Provvido A, et al. Dolphin Morbillivirus Associated with a Mass Stranding of Sperm Whales, Italy. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(1):144-146. doi:10.3201/eid2301.160239.
APA Mazzariol, S., Centelleghe, C., Di Provvido, A., Di Renzo, L., Cardeti, G., Cersini, A....Di Guardo, G. (2017). Dolphin Morbillivirus Associated with a Mass Stranding of Sperm Whales, Italy. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(1), 144-146. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.160239.
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Scrub Typhus Leading to Acute Encephalitis Syndrome, Assam, India PDF Version [PDF - 405 KB - 3 pages]
S. A. Khan et al.
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To determine the contribution of Orientia tsutsugamushi, the agent of scrub typhus, as a cause of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) in Assam, India, we conducted a retrospective study of hospital patients with symptoms of AES during 2013–2015. Our findings suggest that O. tsutsugamushi infection leads to AES and the resulting illness and death.

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EID Khan SA, Bora T, Laskar B, Khan AM, Dutta P. Scrub Typhus Leading to Acute Encephalitis Syndrome, Assam, India. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(1):148-150. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.161038
AMA Khan SA, Bora T, Laskar B, et al. Scrub Typhus Leading to Acute Encephalitis Syndrome, Assam, India. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(1):148-150. doi:10.3201/eid2301.161038.
APA Khan, S. A., Bora, T., Laskar, B., Khan, A. M., & Dutta, P. (2017). Scrub Typhus Leading to Acute Encephalitis Syndrome, Assam, India. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(1), 148-150. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.161038.
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Hepatitis E Virus Infection after Platelet Transfusion in an Immunocompetent Trauma Patient PDF Version [PDF - 304 KB - 2 pages]
E. Loyrion et al.
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Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection causes acute liver disease, but severe infections are rare in immunocompetent patients. We describe a case of HEV infection in a previously healthy male trauma patient in France who received massive transfusions. Genotyping confirmed HEV in a transfused platelet pool and the donor.

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EID Loyrion E, Trouve-Buisson T, Pouzol P, Larrat S, Decaens T, Payen J, et al. Hepatitis E Virus Infection after Platelet Transfusion in an Immunocompetent Trauma Patient. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(1):146-147. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.160923
AMA Loyrion E, Trouve-Buisson T, Pouzol P, et al. Hepatitis E Virus Infection after Platelet Transfusion in an Immunocompetent Trauma Patient. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(1):146-147. doi:10.3201/eid2301.160923.
APA Loyrion, E., Trouve-Buisson, T., Pouzol, P., Larrat, S., Decaens, T., & Payen, J. (2017). Hepatitis E Virus Infection after Platelet Transfusion in an Immunocompetent Trauma Patient. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(1), 146-147. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.160923.
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Group B Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome and covR/S Mutations Revisited PDF Version [PDF - 307 KB - 3 pages]
P. Sendi et al.
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Gene mutations in the virulence regulator CovR/S of group A Streptococcus play a substantial role in the pathogenesis of streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. We screened 25 group B Streptococcus (GBS) isolates obtained from patients with streptococcal toxic shock syndrome and found only 1 GBS clone harboring this kind of mutation.

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EID Sendi P, el Hay M, Brandt CM, Spellerberg B. Group B Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome and covR/S Mutations Revisited. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(1):150-152. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.161063
AMA Sendi P, el Hay M, Brandt CM, et al. Group B Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome and covR/S Mutations Revisited. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(1):150-152. doi:10.3201/eid2301.161063.
APA Sendi, P., el Hay, M., Brandt, C. M., & Spellerberg, B. (2017). Group B Streptococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome and covR/S Mutations Revisited. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(1), 150-152. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.161063.
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Whole-Genome Characterization of a Novel Human Influenza A(H1N2) Virus Variant, Brazil PDF Version [PDF - 283 KB - 3 pages]
P. Resende et al.
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We report the characterization of a novel reassortant influenza A(H1N2) virus not previously reported in humans. Recovered from a a pig farm worker in southeast Brazil who had influenza-like illness, this virus is a triple reassortant containing gene segments from subtypes H1N2 (hemagglutinin), H3N2 (neuraminidase), and pandemic H1N1 (remaining genes).

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EID Resende P, Born P, Matos A, Motta F, Caetano B, Debur M, et al. Whole-Genome Characterization of a Novel Human Influenza A(H1N2) Virus Variant, Brazil. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(1):152-154. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.161122
AMA Resende P, Born P, Matos A, et al. Whole-Genome Characterization of a Novel Human Influenza A(H1N2) Virus Variant, Brazil. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(1):152-154. doi:10.3201/eid2301.161122.
APA Resende, P., Born, P., Matos, A., Motta, F., Caetano, B., Debur, M....Siqueira, M. M. (2017). Whole-Genome Characterization of a Novel Human Influenza A(H1N2) Virus Variant, Brazil. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(1), 152-154. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.161122.
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Avian Pox in Native Captive Psittacines, Brazil, 2015 PDF Version [PDF - 311 KB - 3 pages]
F. Esteves et al.
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To investigate an outbreak of avian pox in psittacines in a conservation facility, we examined 94 birds of 10 psittacine species, including sick and healthy birds. We found psittacine pox virus in 23 of 27 sick birds and 4 of 67 healthy birds. Further characterization is needed for these isolates.

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EID Esteves F, Marín SY, Resende M, Silva A, Coelho H, Barbosa MB, et al. Avian Pox in Native Captive Psittacines, Brazil, 2015. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(1):154-156. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.161133
AMA Esteves F, Marín SY, Resende M, et al. Avian Pox in Native Captive Psittacines, Brazil, 2015. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(1):154-156. doi:10.3201/eid2301.161133.
APA Esteves, F., Marín, S. Y., Resende, M., Silva, A., Coelho, H., Barbosa, M. B....Martins, N. (2017). Avian Pox in Native Captive Psittacines, Brazil, 2015. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(1), 154-156. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.161133.
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Chikungunya Fever in Traveler from Angola to Japan, 2016 PDF Version [PDF - 385 KB - 3 pages]
S. Takaya et al.
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Simultaneous circulation of multiple arboviruses presents diagnostic challenges. In May 2016, chikungunya fever was diagnosed in a traveler from Angola to Japan. Travel history, incubation period, and phylogenetic analysis indicated probable infection acquisition in Angola, where a yellow fever outbreak is ongoing. Thus, local transmission of chikungunya virus probably also occurs in Angola.

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EID Takaya S, Kutsuna S, Nakayama E, Taniguchi S, Tajima S, Katanami Y, et al. Chikungunya Fever in Traveler from Angola to Japan, 2016. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(1):156-158. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.161395
AMA Takaya S, Kutsuna S, Nakayama E, et al. Chikungunya Fever in Traveler from Angola to Japan, 2016. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(1):156-158. doi:10.3201/eid2301.161395.
APA Takaya, S., Kutsuna, S., Nakayama, E., Taniguchi, S., Tajima, S., Katanami, Y....Ohmagari, N. (2017). Chikungunya Fever in Traveler from Angola to Japan, 2016. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(1), 156-158. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.161395.
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Invasive Infections with Multidrug-Resistant Yeast Candida auris, Colombia PDF Version [PDF - 303 KB - 3 pages]
S. E. Morales-López et al.
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Candida auris is an emerging multidrug-resistant fungus that causes a wide range of symptoms. We report finding 17 cases of C. auris infection that were originally misclassified but correctly identified 27.5 days later on average. Patients with a delayed diagnosis of C. auris had a 30-day mortality rate of 35.2%.

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EID Morales-López SE, Parra-Giraldo CM, Ceballos-Garzón A, Martínez HP, Rodríguez GJ, Álvarez-Moreno CA, et al. Invasive Infections with Multidrug-Resistant Yeast Candida auris, Colombia. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(1):162-164. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.161497
AMA Morales-López SE, Parra-Giraldo CM, Ceballos-Garzón A, et al. Invasive Infections with Multidrug-Resistant Yeast Candida auris, Colombia. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2017;23(1):162-164. doi:10.3201/eid2301.161497.
APA Morales-López, S. E., Parra-Giraldo, C. M., Ceballos-Garzón, A., Martínez, H. P., Rodríguez, G. J., Álvarez-Moreno, C. A....Rodríguez, J. Y. (2017). Invasive Infections with Multidrug-Resistant Yeast Candida auris, Colombia. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(1), 162-164. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2301.161497.
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